Kathy Lynn Emerson
to update and correct
her very out-of-date
Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984)
NOTE: this document exists only in electronic format
and is ©2008-16 Kathy Lynn Emerson (all rights reserved)
DOROTHY HABINGTON (d.1606+)
Dorothy Habington was the daughter of John Habington of Hindlip, Worcestershire (1515-1581/2) and Catherine Wykes (c.1520-c.1580). Her mother was a gentlewoman of the privy chamber to Queen Elizabeth and her father a treasurer of the queen's household. He acquired Hindlip in 1563 and built Hindlip House, completing it in 1575, just in time to entertain the queen on one of her progresses. According to one account, the queen was so fond of Catherine Habington that she paid the expenses of her burial. Unlike her brothers, Dorothy was a staunch Protestant. When her eldest brother, Edward (c.1553-September 20, 1586) was executed for his part in the Babington conspiracy and their next brother, Thomas (August 23, 1560-October 8, 1647), was placed under arrest on suspicion of involvement, Dorothy was left in possession of Hindlip. Several priests, including Father Henry Garnet, tried and failed to convince her to change her faith but in 1590 she was converted to Catholicism by Edward Oldcorne, a Jesuit. For the next sixteen years, Hindlip was Oldcorne’s base in Worcestershire. After Thomas Habington was released from prison in 1592 and married in 1593, he and his wife settled at Hindlip and it was Mary who was there on January 18, 1606 when it was raided. It took seven days for Garnet and Oldcorne to be found and arrested. At the same time, in London, the conspirators in the Gunpowder Plot were on trial. At some point after the execution of Sir Everard Digby on January 30, 1606, Dorothy went to live at Gayhurst House, Buckinghamshire, as companion to his widow.
see MARY PARKER
AGNES HACKETT (d.1529+)
Agnes Hackett was the daughter of John Hackett of Wolverton. Her first husband was the last member of the Fry family to own Appuldurcombe Manor and the Priory of Carisbrooke on the Isle of Wight. By Fry, Agnes had one daughter, Joan (d.1505+). Agnes took as her second husband Sir John Leigh of More, Dorsetshire (d.1529) and records from 1505, assigning Appuldurcombe to him, state that his wife’s name was Agnes and that her daughter was named Joan Fry. For some reason, however, other records call Agnes Mary Hackett and others confuse Joan Fry with Agnes’s daughter by Leigh, who was named Anne (d.1567). One daughter was in service to Lady Margaret Beaufort (d.1509), the mother of King Henry VII. Anne Leigh married in 1512, but it is not clear when she was born. Agnes survived her second husband and was not buried in the tomb with him but rather under a stone a little below it in All Saints, Godshill, Isle of Wight. She is said to have died a very old woman. Portrait: alabaster effigy on her husband’s tomb.
see ANNE SUTTON
see KATHERINE NORLOND
MARGARET HADLEY (d.1607)
Margaret Hadley was the daughter of Sir Christopher Hadley of Withycombe, Somersetshire. She married Thomas Luttrell of Marshwood, Somersetshire (c.1524-January 16,1571) by whom she had three sons, including George (September 1560-1629) and John (1566-1620) and four daughters, including Margaret, who married her stepbrother, Sir Robert Strode, as his second wife. On the death of her brother Arthur in 1558, Margaret inherited her father's property, including the manors of Heathfield, Williton Hadley, and Withycombe Hadley, all adjacent to Dunster, the family seat of the Luttrells. Although the date of the marriage to Luttrell is unknown, it was declared invalid at some point before 1558 because of consanguinity. Margaret's great-great-grandmother's first husband had been a Luttrell andThomas's mother was Margaret's godmother. By a bull issued November 28, 1558, Pope Paul IV validated the marriage on the condition it be solemnized in church. Given that Elizabeth succeeded Mary and restored the Anglican church, this did not take place until August 27, 1560, shortly before the birth of their first child. Margaret was given administration of her late husband's estate in 1573, by which time she was married to John Strode of Parnham, Dorset (1524-September 2, 1581) as his second wife. Their children were Hugh (d.1619+), Ann (d.1581+), Margaret (d.1581+), Dorothy (d.1581+), Bridget (d. January 13, 1619/20), and Alice (d.1581+). On November 17, 1586, at Cattistock, Dorset, Margaret became the second wife of Richard Hill.
see CATHERINE TRENTHAM
see ALICE KEMPE
see BRIDGET OVER
JANE HALES (c.1520-1569+)
Jane (sometimes called Mary) Hales was the daughter of Sir James Hales of the Dungeon, Canterbury, Kent (c.1495-August 14, 1554), a judge, and his first wife, Margaret. His second wife, also named Margaret, was Margaret Wood, widow of Sir Walter Mantell of Horton Priory, Kent and of Sir William Hawte or Haute of Bishopsbourne, Kent. In 1547, Jane married her stepbrother, another Walter Mantell (1518-x. February 27, 1554). She brought Shelving Manor in Barham, near Canterbury, to the marriage. Their children were Matthew (c.1548-1589), Mark (c.1549-1581), Luke, and Johannes. Mantell was executed for his part in the rebellion led by Thomas Wyatt, who had married the stepsister Mantell acquired through his mother’s second marriage. At about the same time, Jane's father was imprisoned for a decision at the assizes concerning religion. Hales recanted, but then tried to kill himself by slitting his veins with a penknife. After he had recovered, he was released by royal command in April 1554 but later committed suicide by drowning himself while staying with his nephew at Thanington, Kent. Since suicide was a felony, his goods, chattels, and leases were forfeit to the Crown. Jane had remarried by 1560, taking as her second husband Christopher Carleill (c.1519-August 2, 1588), not to be confused with the Christopher Carleill whose mother married Sir Francis Walsingham. Their children were James, Jonathan (c.1561-1599), Anne, and Jane. Horton Priory was returned to her eldest son, Matthew Mantell, by Queen Elizabeth in the thirteenth year of her reign.
see MARGARET WOOD
see CATHERINE GEDDING
see ELIZABETH FLEMING
JANE HALL (November 1536-May 11, 1598)
Jane Hall was the daughter of Francis Hall of Grantham, Lincolnshire and Calais (d. June 10, 1552), and Ursula Sharington (d.1569). Her first husband was Francis Nele of Prestwold and Cotes, Leicestershire (d.1559). According to “The Two Unknown Ladies of Prestwold” by Philip White at the Wolds Historical Organization website (www.hoap.co.uk/who/prestwold01.htm), they had two children, Mary (1559-1632) and a posthumous son, Thomas (1560-1576). Jane's second husband was Henry Skipwith (d. August 14, 1588), keeper of Ampthill great park. They had four sons and nine daughters: William (c.1564-May 3, 1610), Francis, Henry, George, Ursula, Katherine, Anne, Alice, Jane, Bridget, Dorothy, Elizabeth, and Margaret. Skipwith purchased various lands surrounding those Jane held in dower from her first marriage. When he died, her administration of his goods and chattels was disputed and she had difficulty obtaining an account of his lands, but eventually the matter was settled in her favor.
see JANE HARRINGTON
MARY HALL (by 1532-1557+)
Mary Hall was the daughter of Francis Hall of Grantham, Lincolnshire (d.1552/3), controller of Calais, and Ursula Sherrington (d.1569). By 1557, she was in the service of Anne of Cleves, and was left £40 when Anne died. There is a certain irony in this. Also in Anne’s household was Catherine Bassett, whose mother was held under house arrest in the Hall home in Calais when Mary was a girl.
see MARY LASSELLS
see SUSANNA SHAKESPEARE
see URSULA SHERRINGTON
JANE HALLIGHWELL (c.1486-October 24,1558)
Jane Hallighwell was the daughter of Sir Richard Hallighwell, Halliwell, Halwell, or Holywell of Harberton and South Pool, Devon (c.1462-July 24, 1506) and Anne Norbury (d. between 1500 and 1504). She married Edmund, 1st baron Bray (1484-October 18, 1539) by a settlement dated February 21, 1497 and had by him one son and ten daughters, all of whom are shown with her on the memorial brass in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin in Eaton Bray, Bedfordshire, including Anne (1500-November 1, 1558), Elizabeth (c.1513-1573), Frideswide (b.c.1516), Mary (c.1518-1569), Frances (c.1522-May 27, 1592), Ellen, Dorothy (c.1524-October 31, 1605), and John (c.1527-November 18, 1557). By November 30, 1545, Lady Bray had remarried, taking as her second husband Sir Urian Brereton (c.1510-March 19,1578) of Handforth, Cheshire. From 1553-1557, various members of Jane's immediate family, including several grandchildren, were in and out of prison on charges of treason for their participation in the attempt to put Lady Jane Grey on the throne instead of Mary Tudor, in Wyatt's Rebellion, and in the Dudley Conspiracy. In May, 1556, Jane's only son was arrested on suspicion of treason in connection with the latter. She immediately went to London to petition for his release. He was held for nearly a year but was never tried and was eventually pardoned. Soon after that, he left with King Philip's army to fight in France and was wounded at Saint Quentin on August 10, 1557. He died of his injuries in his house in Blackfriars. Jane was with him and was named his executrix. The will was proved two days after his death. She made all the arrangements for his funeral, which was conducted according to Catholic ritual, and for his burial at Chelsea, where his father and grandfather were buried. There was obviously some dissention in the family. No one from John's wife's family attended the funeral, nor did the husbands of at least three of his sisters. The chief mourner was Lord Cobham, who was married to Jane's eldest daughter. Jane died during the influenza epidemic of 1558. Portrait:memorial brass in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin in Eaton Bray, Bedfordshire.
DOROTHY HALSALL (d.c.1649)
Dorothy Halsall was one of the four natural children of Henry Stanley, 4th earl of Derby (1531-September 25, 1593) and Jane Halsall of Knowsley, Lancashire (c.1536?c.1550?-c.1591?), who entered into a common law marriage c.1570, despite the fact that he was married to Margaret Clifford, the queen's cousin. Dorothy married Cuthbert Halsall of Halsall and Selwich, Lancashire (c.1573-1632), natural son of Richard Halsall. Cuthbert had been adopted by his father’s family and inherited the bulk of the estate of his paternal grandmother, Ann Molyneux Halsall, in 1587. He ran through almost the entire fortune during his lifetime. Dorothy and Cuthbert had two daughters, Ann (d.1675) and Bridget. Dorothy was friends with Margaret Gerard, Lady Legh and a letter is extant, dated March 12, 1596, when both their husbands were in military service with the earl of Essex, in which she asks that gentlewoman to give the messenger who brought it the oil of almonds Margaret had promised to send. Described by one historian as "a lady of a petulant and vivid temperament," Dorothy apparently fascinated her brother-in-law, the poet John Salusbury, who had married her sister Ursula in 1586. (see URSULA STANLEY) Ursula was the mother of his ten children but Dorothy's name turns up in anagrams in his poems. In the 1620s and 30s, Cuthbert was frequently in the Fleet for debt and died there in February 1632. Dorothy petitioned the king and managed to salvage part of the Halsall estate. She lived at Selwich in her widowhood.
see MARY DEREHAM
see MARTHA THARPE
ANNE HAMPDEN (March 5, 1597-1663)
Anne Hampden was the daughter of Edmund Hampden of Wendover, Buckinghamshire (d.1605) and his second wife, Margaret (d.1603). According to the Chamberlain Letters, her wealthy but childless uncle, Alexander Hampden (1546-March 19,1618) had arranged a marriage for her in July 1617 with a son of Sir John Pakington. Earlier that year he had arranged marriages for her two younger sisters, Margaret (February 1598-May 1, 1658) to Thomas Wenman or Wayman and Mary (July 1601-1641) to Alexander Denton. Anne was to have £1,200/year in land as her dowry but at the last moment, after the bridal clothes were made, she balked at being tied to this particular groom for life. Her uncle was furious. According to Chamberlain, her decision cost her £10,000. This may have been an exaggeration, but Alexander Hampden did afterward settle much of his property elsewhere. Still, by a will dated November 1, 1617, he left Anne the manor of Owleswick and £3000 upon her marriage, provided she wed someone approved by her two brothers-in-law. Anne does not seem to have regretted her choice. In 1619, she made a love match with John Trevor (1596-1673). Their children were John (1626-1672), Richard (c.1630-1676), Ralph, Mary, Anne, Jane, and possibly Elizabeth, Susanna, and Margaret. Portrait: a family portrait, unknown date.
see ELIZABETH FERRERS
see PHILIPPA WILFORD
SYBIL HAMPDEN (d. November 6, 1562)
Better known as Mrs. Penne, Sybil or Sibell Hampden was the daughter of William Hampden of Dunton and Wingrave, Buckinghamshire and Audrey Hampden (daughter of Richard Hampden of Kimbell). She married David Penne (d.c.1570) and had two sons, John (d.1596) and William. In October 1538 she became the chief nurse in the household of the future Edward VI and remained in that post until 1544. The prince was very fond of her and, as king, gave her the manor of Beaumond and the rectory of Little Missenden in Buckinghamshire. In 1553 she reappears in the household of Queen Mary, Edward’s sister, and she continued to live in rooms at Hampton Court during the reign of Elizabeth Tudor, although she had a house, called Penn's Place, nearby. She was stricken with smallpox at the same time Queen Elizabeth caught the disease, but Sybil Penne died of it. She was buried on the north side of the chancel at St. Mary in the village of Hampton, Middlesex, just upstream from Hampton Court Palace. The inscription reads:
Pen here is brought to home, the place of
Whose vertu guided hathe her shippe into the quyet rode.
A myrror of her tyme for vertues of the mynde
A matrone such as in her dayes the like was herd to find
No plant of servile stocke a Hampden by discent
Unto whose race 300 yeres hathe frendly fortune lent
To cowrte she called was to foster up a kinge
Whose helping had long lingring, sutes, to spedie end did bring
Twoo quennes that scepter bare gave credyt to the dame.
Full manye yeres in cowrt she dwelt without disgrace or blame.
No howse ne worldly wealthe on earthe she did regarde
Before eche love yea and her life her princes health prefard
Whose long and loyal love, with skilfull care to serve
Was such as did through heavenly help her princes thankes deserve
Woolde God the ground were grafte with trees of such delight
That idell braines of fructfull plantes might find just caws to writ[e]
As I have plyed my pen to praise this Pen with all
Who lyeth entombed in this grave untill the trompe her call
This restinge place beholde no subject place to bale
To which perforce ye lokers on, your fletinge bodyes shall.
According to Ernest Philip Alphonse Law’s The History of Hampton Court, the arms on the monument make it clear that Sybil Penne was a Hampden rather than a Pagenham, and yet generations of biographers have repeated the story that she was the daughter of Hugh Pagenham or Pakenham and the sister-in-law of Sir William Sidney. Sidney was responsible for Sybil obtaining her position in Edward’s household. In a letter, he refers to Sybil as his sister-in-law. However, in sixteenth-century usage, sister-in-law could mean any connection that was "by law" rather than by blood. Sir William's son, Sir Henry Sidney, added to the confusion in a letter to Frances Walsingham dated March 1, 1583, in which he lists as being in Prince Edward's household "my near kinswoman being his only nurse my father being his chamberlain my mother his governess my aunt in such a place as among meaner personages is called a dry nurse." There may be a partial explanation in the fact than an Elizabeth Sydney married Sir John Hampden of Great Hampden, Buckinghamshire (d.1496) before 1477 and had a son named William, possibly Sybil’s father. The ghost of Sybil Penne supposedly haunts Hampton Court Palace. Portraits: life size recumbent effigy in Hampton Church; illustration said to be Sybil Penne’s ghost (from Law's book).
ELIZABETH HAMPSON (d.1648)
Elizabeth Hampson was the daughter of Sir Robert Hampson of Taplow, Buckinghamshire (1537-1607), sheriff of London in 1598, and Katherine Goode (1553-1624/5). In 1597, she married John Hewett of Headly Hall, Yorkshire (1553-1602) by whom she had John (d.1657), Katherine (d.1648+), an unnamed child who was buried June 1, 1600, and Margaret (December 1601-d.yng). Her second husband was Sir Gilbert Wakering of Bloxwich, Staffordshire (d.1617). After his death, she married Sir Robert Beville (Bevill/Bevile/Buell) of Chesterton, Huntingdonshire (September 28, 1572-1635). Her son married his daughter, another Katherine. At some point, there was a quarrel between Beville and his son-in-law/stepson, in which Elizabeth sided with her son. It appears to have been after this that Elizabeth and Robert Beville separated. She proceeded to take "all her own goods into her own possession" and "disposed of them at her pleasure." Under the law, this was not something she could do without her husband's permission and Sir Robert apparently never forgave her. He refers to the incident in his will, in which he left her only ten shillings "in respect she took her son's part against me, and did animate and comfort him afterwards. These will not be forgotten." To John Hewett he left "ten shillings, and no more, in respect he struck and causelessly fought with me." To Katherine Byng (née Hewitt), he left "all such monies as is due unto me by Sir John Hewitt by virtue of an order or decree in the Chancery." Elizabeth lived at the manor of Haddon after she left her husband and later had a house in Hackney, Middlesex. When she made her will, on May 14, 1646 (proved February 24, 1647/8), she left money and diamonds to her children and grandchildren but specified that her son-in-law, George Binge (Byng) was not to "intermeddle or have anything to do with my estate, nor receive any benefit thereby." Curiously, George Binge is one of the witnesses. As executor, she chose her brother, Sir Thomas Hampson.
ALICE HAMPTON (d. September 27, 1516)
Alice Hampton was the daughter and heir of John Hampton of Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire (d. before 1471) and his wife Ellen. Due to the deaths of other siblings and the decision of the remaining brother to become a monk, Alice also inherited the estate of her uncle, William Hampton (d.1482/3), a prosperous fishmonger who was Lord Mayor of London in 1472-3. It has been speculated that she intended to become a nun at Dartford Priory in Kent until she inherited all the family's Gloucestershire estates. Instead, she became a vowess. As far as is known, she was unique in that, unlike other vowesses, she had never been married. After living for a time as a vowess at Dartford, Alice took up residence just outside London at Haliwell Priory. She paid the prioress eight pounds of pepper a year for two rooms above a storehouse and two parcels of empty ground. She could also use the prioress's well and washing house and had her own locked door and key to enter the garden beside the convent's entrance. In 1507-8, Alice gave much of her estate to Syon Abbey. Her will, dated May 13, 1514, made provision for Haliwell. It was proved October 4, 1516. Biography: entry in the Oxford DNB under "Hampton, Alice." Portrait: included in memorial brass c.1510, Holy Trinity, Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire.
ELIZABETH HANCHET (c.1545-September 26, 1584)
Elizabeth Hanchet was the daughter of Thomas Hanchet of Hamels in Braughing, Hertfordshire. She married Sir Thomas Barnardison of Kedington, Suffolk (c.1543-December 28, 1619) and was the mother of Thomas (d. July 29, 1610), Edmund, William, Mary, and Elizabeth. In 1578, she entertained Queen Elizabeth at Kedington and the earl of Leicester stayed at another Barnardiston property (Blunts Hall) a mile away. Portrait: effigy in St. Peter and Paul, Kedington.
see DOROTHY BAMPFIELD
MAUD HANMER (d. before June 1582)
Maud (or Magdalen) Hanmer was the daughter of Thomas Hanmer, but it is unclear which Thomas Hanmer. Sir Thomas Hanmer of Hanmer, Flintshire, Wales (1483-February 10, 1545), who was married twice, first to Jane Brereton and second to Maud (or Matilda) Cholmondeley, seems most likely. Maud Hanmer married Roger Puleston of Emval, Worthenbury, Flintshire (d. April 28, 1582), by whom she had Roger (c.1566-1618), George, and Dorothy. They had already been married for some time by September 18, 1562. According to the appeal she made on that date, she had suffered the threat of excommunication and other injustices as a result of proceedings taken against her by her husband before the bishop of Chester. In the will drafted in 1577, however, Puleston refers to the affection which he bears Maud. In a letter of June 1582, Puleston is said to be newly married, implying that Maud has died and he has taken a second wife, but he did not rewrite his will, only added a codicil referring to his wife as Margaret. From 1575, Puleston was in the service of the earl of Hertford.
see ELIZABETH HUTTON
MATILDA or MAUD
see MATILDA or MAUD ROOS
ELEANOR HARBOTTLE (1504-May 18, 1566)
Eleanor Harbottle was the daughter of Sir Guischard Harabottle of Horton, Northumberland (January 6, 1485-September 9, 1513) and Joan or Jane Willoughby and the sister and coheiress of George Harbottle of Beamish, Durham. Their father died at Floddon Field. Eleanor married Sir Thomas Percy of Prudhoe (c.1504-x. June 2, 1537) and was the mother of two sons who eventually became earls of Northumberland, Thomas (June 10, 1528-August 22, 1572) and Henry (1532-June 21, 1585). Their other children were Joan (c.1521-August 22, 1572), Guiscard (c.1526-d.yng), Richard, Mary (buried February 7, 1597/8), Catherine, and Jane. Eleanor's second husband, to whom she was married after November 10, 1540, was Sir Richard Holland of Denton, Lancashire (March 25, 1493-1548), by whom she had another Mary (d. before 1570) and Richard (d.1548+). Holland's will was dated March 27, 1548.
MARY HARBOTTLE (c.1506-December 12, 1556)
Mary Harbottle was the daughter of Sir Guiscard Harbottle of Horton, Northumberland (January 6, 1485-September 9, 1513) and Joan or Jane Willoughby and the sister and coheiress of George Harbottle of Beamish, Durham. Their father died at Flodden Field. In 1525, Mary married Sir Edward Fitton of Gawsworth, Cheshire (d. February 17, 1548), by whom she had thirteen children: Susan, Edward (March 31, 1527-1579), Margaret (c.1529-August 29, 1612), Mary (d. July 27, 1591), Ellen, Anne, Katherine, Jane, Thomas, Francis (1540-June 17, 1608), Anthony, George, and John. She wrote a will that was proved October 30, 1557.
ALICE HARCOURT (c.1450-c.1526)
Alice Harcourt was the daughter of Sir Richard Harcourt of Wytham, Berkshire (1416-October 1, 1486) and Edith St. Clare (d. before November 8, 1472). She married William Beselles or Bessiles of Besils Leigh, Berkshire and after his death took a vow of chastity. They had one daughter, Elizabeth. In 1520-21 and again in 1523-26, Alice and two servants lived at the nunnery of Syon, where her granddaughter, Susan Fettiplace, was also a vowess and two other granddaughters, Eleanor Fettiplace and Dorothy Coddington or Goddrington (née Fettiplace), were nuns. In her will, she made alternate burial provisions depending upon whether she was at Syon or Besselsleigh at the time of her death.
see ANNE HORNE
see JANE STAPLETON
BRIDGET HARDESON or HERDESON
see BRIDGET SWAYNE
ELIZABETH HARDING (1589-1628+)
Elizabeth Harding or Harden was the daughter of a court musician named James Harding. In February 1606 she became the third wife of artist Isaac Oliver (d.1617). Elizabeth’s sister, Anne (1593-1672), married Oliver’s son by his first marriage, Peter Oliver (1589-1647). Peter’s mother, possibly another Elizabeth, died in 1599. Oliver’s second wife, Sara Gheeraerts, is discussed in a separate entry. With Elizabeth, Oliver had six more children. After his death, Elizabeth married Pierce Morgan, a mercer. She died sometime before 1640. Portraits: in addition to the one below, dated c.1615 because of the clothing, Oliver painted his wife a second time. That portrait, in which she wears a ruff, is now lost.
HELEN or ELLEN HARDING (1535-September 1601)
Helen or Ellen Harding was the daughter of William Harding of London and Knowle Park, Cranleigh, Surrey (d. September 7, 1549), a goldsmith, and Cecily Marshe. Her mother remarried and her second husband, Robert Warner (1510-1575), purchased Helen's wardship and that of her sister Katherine (d.1599). In 1556, Helen married Richard Knyvett of Buckenden, Norfolk (1511-November 1, 1559), by whom she had Mary (b. February 27, 1557) and Henry (April 3, 1559-June 1603). Her second husband was Thomas Browne of Blackfriars, London and Betchworth Castle, Surrey (d. February 9, 1597), who was knighted in 1576. She was his second wife and they had married by 1577. His children all appear to have been the offspring of his first wife, Mabel FitzWilliam. In the Lay Subsidy Rolls of 1582, his lands were valued at £70 and his taxes were just over £4. Browne was a commissioner for the Privy Council, charged with uncovering Catholic recusants in Surrey in the early 1590s. His widow inherited his property in Blackfriars and is listed in the London Subsidy Rolls of 1599 as a neighbor of Dr. William Paddy and Cuthbert Burbage. Her will, dated August 18, 1601, was proved October 3, 1601.
see ELIZABETH LEAKE
ELIZABETH HARDWICK (1527-February 13,1608)
Elizabeth Hardwick, better known as Bess of Hardwick, was the daughter of John Hardwick (1495-January 29, 1528) and Elizabeth Leake (1499-c.1570). She married four times, first to Robert Barlow (1529-December 24, 1544) in 1543, second to Sir William Cavendish (c.1505-October 25,1557) in 1547, third to Sir William St.Loe (1518-February 1565) in 1559, and fourth to George Talbot, earl of Shrewsbury (1528-November 18,1590) on February 9,1568. In January 1566, she was suggested as a bride for Sir John Thynne of Longleat, but he married someone else later that year. She had eight children, all born of her second marriage, Frances (June 18,1548-1632), Temperance (June 10,1549-1550), Henry (December 17,1550-1616), William (December 27,1551-1625), Charles (November 1553-1617), Elizabeth (March 31,1555-January 21,1582), Mary (January 1556-April 1632), and Lucrece (1557-1557). She is best known as the builder of Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire, but she had a long and eventful career at court, as well, and was for many years, with her fourth husband, responsible for keeping Mary, Queen of Scots prisoner in England. She raised her granddaughter, Arbella Stuart, who had a claim to the throne. She was also said to be the richest woman in England. This entry is short because there are several biographies available, the most recent Bess of Hardwick, Empire Builder by Mary S. Lovell. Others are by David Durant, Maud Stepney Rawson, and Ethel Carleton Williams; Oxford DNB entry under "Talbot [née Hardwick], Elizabeth." Portraits: three at Hardwick Hall, one c.1550-55, one c.1580, and one c.1590 and attributed to Rowland Lockey; British Library; effigy in Derby Cathedral.
ANNE HARDY (d.1608+)
Anne Dighton, alias Hardy, a young gentlewoman, was the wife of Thomas Dighton, a man of "uncivil and rude disposition." Among other things, Anne's husband threatened to chain her to his bed. While the couple was staying at the earl of Lincoln's house in Chelsea in 1608, Anne fled her own bedchamber for that of Mary Morrant, age 36, who had apparently played the role of matchmaker in bringing Anne and Thomas together. Anne's face was "awashed with tears" and she claimed she could not endure living with her husband any longer. Mary attempted to help, but when she sent her maidservant for night clothes for the refugee, Thomas threatened the maid and demanded his wife back. For some reason, Anne returned with the servant. Thomas promptly took both of them prisoner and beat Anne for her effrontery. He refused to let either woman leave his chamber. After repeated efforts to reason with Thomas, Henry Clinton, 2nd earl of Lincoln, became involved and he and Thomas fought. Following this incident, Anne took Thomas to court on charges of cruelty. I have not been able to discover the final outcome of the case, but numerous depositions were taken in the period from May 28, 1608 through February 9, 1608/9. The witnesses included Mary Morrant, her husband Thomas, John Beverly, a servant of the earl of Lincoln, and Anne Hill, age 24, of Harefield, a servant of the countess of Derby. The identities of Anne and Thomas Dighton are not entirely clear, either, but the use of "alias” in connection with a female name usually indicated that it was a previous surname, in this case probably Anne's maiden name. As for Thomas Dighton, the most logical candidate with that name to have been a guest in the earl of Lincoln’s house is Thomas Dighton of Stourton Parva, Lincolnshire, father of Mary Dighton, who was married to the earl’s younger son, Sir Edward Clinton, in c.1596. This Thomas Dighton (b.c.1556) was married in August 1569 to Margaret Jermyn, but legal actions in 1606 indicate that she was probably dead by then. Anne Hardy, therefore, could well have been this same Thomas's second, much younger wife.
see ALICE SOTEHILL
see ANNE KELWAY
ELIZABETH HARINGTON (d. May 19, 1618)
Elizabeth Harington was the daughter of Sir James Harington of Exton, Rutland (1511-January 24, 1592) and Lucy Sidney (c.1520-c.1591). In about 1561, she married Sir Edward Montagu of Boughton House, Northamptonshire (d. January 16, 1601/2). Their children were Edward (1562-1644), Henry (1563-1642), Charles (c.1564-September 11, 1625), Walter (d. May 22, 1615), James (c.1568-July 20, 1618), Thomas, Lucy, Susanna, Elizabeth, Theodosia (1579-January 19, 1618) and Sydney (1581-September 25, 1644). Although the Montagus were staunchly Protestant, they were on good terms with their recusant neighbor, Lord Vaux of Harrowden. In addition to visits to Boughton House, six miles from Harrowden, Vaux also wrote letters to Lady Montagu. In 1581, after being examined for recusancy, he was confined at Boughton House for about ten days. During that time, Elizabeth apparently tried to convert him. He did not take her lectures well and later, when writing to defend himself against charges that he had defamed her, took her to task for her overzealous behavior. He reminded her that St. Paul said women should learn in silence. It is not known if she ever received this letter. In her widowhood, "the blind Lady Montagu" lived at Hemington, Northamptonshire.
see ETHELREDA MALTE
HESTER HARINGTON (d.1639)
Hester Harington was the daughter of John Harington of Stepney (1525-July 1, 1582) and Audrey Malte (d.c.1556). See the entry under ETHELREDA, AUDREY or ESTHER MALTE for more details on Hester's mother. The date of her birth is uncertain. 1554 has been suggested, but as her mother was in service to Princess Elizabeth in that year, it seems less likely to me than an earlier date. Most records also suggest that no one knows what happened to Hester after about 1568. Recent research by a descendant of the Stubbs family, however, has turned up evidence that Hester Heringtonn married William Stubbs (d.1630) in St. Clement Danes, London, on January 17, 1574. Anne Stubbs was baptized there on January 9, 1575 and Harrington Stubbs on June 14, 1578. They also had a daughter named Susan. A connection between the Maltes, the Haringtons, and Hester Stubbs comes through property records for the manor of Watchfield in Shrivenham, Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). It was granted to John Malte in 1541, belonged to Audrey Malte in 1546, was in the possession of John and Audrey Harington in 1556, and of John and Hester Harington in 1568. In 1593, it belonged to William and Hester Stubbs and in 1631 to Hester Stubbs, widow. Hester lived at Watchfield until her death in 1639. Further evidence of the identification comes from the arms on the tomb of Anne Stubbs Codrington in Bristol Cathedral where the arms of the Stubbs family are quartered with those of the Harington family and from a court case in which Sir John Harington, son of John Harington by his second wife, is identified as the brother-in-law of William Stubbs. Hester left a will, probated in 1639, in which she describes herself as of Watchfield in the County of Berks, widowe, being very aged and weake in body. Possible portrait: now lost but described as a child holding a book. If you’re interested in more information about Hester and other members of her family, her descendant blogs at https://genesurfing.wordpress.com
see ISABEL MARKHAM
LUCY HARINGTON (January 1581-May 26, 1627)
Lucy Harington was the daughter of John Harington, 1st baron Harington of Exton (1539/40-August 23,1613) and Anne Kelway (1549-May 25,1620). She married Edward Russell, 3rd earl of Bedford (December 20,1572-May 3, 1627) on December 12, 1594, at the age of thirteen. They had two children, Francis (1602-1602) and a daughter who lived only a few hours in 1610. As her husband was an invalid, Lucy had considerable independence. She was a patron of the arts, supporting John Donne, Ben Jonson, and Inigo Jones, among others. She was also a subscriber to the Virginia Company, a poet, and a possible conspirator in the Essex Rebellion of 1601. She was restored to royal favor as a lady of the bedchamber to Queen Anne from 1603 until 1620 and was a frequent participant in masques at court, including Ben Jonson and Inigo Jones's Hymenaei on January 5, 1606. In 1608, she bought Twickenham Park and made it her principal residence, possibly hiring architect Robert Smythson to design a new house and gardens. In 1617, she and her husband moved to Moor Park in Hertfordshire. They are said to have died, within a few days of each other, having spent their entire fortune. As early as 1619, Lucy was reportedly £50,000 in debt. Biography: Margaret Byard’s “The Trade of Courtiership,” History Today 1979; Oxford DNB entry under "Russell [née Harington], Lucy." Portraits: There are many, some certain and others speculative, including those by John de Critz (1606, in masque costume), Isaac Oliver (c.1615), and William Larkin (c.1615).
see LUCY SIDNEY
or HARRINGTON (d. 1601)
Margaret Harington was the daughter of Sir James Harington of Exton, Rutland (1511-January 1592) and Lucy Sidney (c.1520-c.1591). In July 1559, she was one of six attendant gentlewomen who accompanied her cousin, Jane Dormer, countess of Feria, when Jane left England for the Low Countries. Margaret followed Jane to Spain and remained in her household there until her marriage in 1588 to Don Benito de Cisneros. Jane, by then duchess of Feria, gave Margaret a dowry of 20,000 ducats. In the summer of 1593, Jane wrote in a letter that Margaret was “out of her wits all these days with grief” because her daughter had been seriously injured in a fall. At the time of the letter, the child was expected to recover, but both of Margaret’s children, as well as her husband, predeceased her. Shortly before her death, Margaret founded a monastery in Zafra for Franciscan nuns. Her tomb is in the Convento de Santa Maria.
see MARY ROGERS
SARAH HARINGTON or
Sarah Harington or Harrington was the daughter of Sir James Harington of Exton, Rutland (d. January 1592) and Lucy Sidney (c.1520-c.1591). She married four men, the last when she was sixty. Her first husband, wed before 1586, was Francis, Lord Hastings (d.1595/6). All of her children were from this marriage. They were Henry, 5th earl of Huntingdon (April 24, 1586-November 14, 1643), Sir George (d. July 5, 1611), Edward (d.c.1617), Catherine (d. August 28, 1636), Theodosia (d.1606+), and Francis. Sarah's second husband was Sir George Kingsmill of Burghclere, Hampshire and London (c.1539-April 1606), a wealthy lawyer and judge. They had no children. He left lands in London, Hampshire, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Somerset, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex to Sarah and her daughter Theodosia. In October 1611, she married Edward de la Zouche, 11th baron Zouche of Haringworth (June 6, 1556-August 18, 1625) and on September 11, 1626 wed for the last time, taking diplomat Sir Thomas Edmondes of Albyns, Romford, Essex and Holborn, London (c.1563-September 28, 1639) as her husband. She was his second wife. Edmondes was called "the little man" for his small stature. his house at Albyns was built by Inigo Jones. According to Charlotte Merton's PhD dissertation The Women who served Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Ladies, Gentlewomen and Maids of the Privy Chamber, Sarah Harington Holles lost £500 in one night of gambling at court but afterward "polished up her skill at cheating" and won it all back. Although Merton's work deals with the sixteenth century, this story actually belongs to another, later Sarah Harington. She married a nephew of Sir Gervase Holles, although his surname was Freschville. This second Sarah wasn’t even born until 1607. She was a maid of honor, but to Queen Henrietta Maria in the seventeenth century. The sixteenth century Sarah was buried October 3, 1629. After her death, her last husband spent the remaining ten years of his life in retirement. Portrait: by Cornelius Johnson, 1628.
or HARRINGTON (c.1560-January
Theodosia Harington was the daughter of James Harington of Exton, Rutland (1511-January 1592) and Lucy Sidney (c.1520-c.1591). On June 12, 1581 in St. Benet Fink, London, she married Edward Sutton, 5th baron Dudley (September 1567-June 23, 1643). Their children were Anne (1582-December 8, 1615), Theodosia (b.1584 d.yng.), Mary (October 2, 1586-May 24, 1645), Ferdinando (September 4, 1588-November 22, 1621), and Margaret (1597-December 13, 1621+). In the 1590s a Star Chamber suit charged Dudley with abandoning his wife in London "without provision of sustenance" and taking into his house "a lewd and infamous woman, a base collier's daughter." This was Elizabeth Tomlinson of Dudley (d.1629), the mistress by whom he had eleven children. The Privy Council obtained an allowance for Theodosia, but Dudley failed to pay it and in August 1597 spent several days in the Fleet. He was ordered to pay Theodosia £66 to cover the period since May 1st (twenty-two weeks) and to pay the bills for boarding and educating his children. In addition, from Michaelmas 1597, he was told to pay £100 per annum for his wife's maintenance, for life, "unless it shall please God to put their minds to cohabit together." Ferdinand, Mary, and Anne would receive £10 per annum and Margaret, an infant, £10. He was also to repay a loan to Sir John Harington and appear before the council again in November. He neither honored the agreement nor appeared before the council, although he did send his wife £32. Theodosia was buried in St. Margaret's Westminster on January 12, 1649/50. She made her will on September 11, 1649 and it was proved on February 3, 1651.
MARGARET HARKETT (1525-February 7, 1585) (maiden name
Margaret Harkett of Stanmore, Middlesex, a widow, was executed at Tyburn as a witch. The pamphlet detailing her crimes is called The Severall Facts of Witchcraft approved and laid to the charge of Margaret Hackett. This collection of complaints against her is a sad commentary on the willingness of neighbors to turn against an unpleasant person. Most of the complaints concern people with the same ironic surname: Frynde. Margaret picked a basketful of peas from Joan Frynde's field without her permission and when told to return them, she flung them down and cursed the ground and stamped on it. After that, no peas would grow there. William Frynde's wife brought home a child (she was a wet nurse) and Margaret told her she did not have enough milk and the child would starve. It died three weeks later. John Frynde, aged twenty, son of Thomas Frynde, would only pay Margaret sixpence for a pair of shoes when she wanted ten pence. Soon after, he fell and hurt his cods. Margaret gave out that he was burned with a whore and that he’d desired to have his pleasure with her. When he afterward wasted away, she was blamed. There were also other charges. Master Norwood, a gentleman, searched her house. Afterward his best milch cow, worth four marks, was found dead. And then, when he told his servants not to give Margaret any buttermilk, they found themselves unable to make butter or cheese at all. William Goodwin's servants denied Margaret yeast and his brewing stand dried up. When she asked them for oatmeal and was refused again, a lamb died. Another neighbor refused her a horse and all his horses (he had "four very good indifferent geldings") died. She was struck by a bailiff who caught her taking wood from his master's ground and the bailiff went mad. For the Middlesex jury that convicted her all this added up to witchcraft and they had no hesitation about sentencing Margaret to death.
JOAN HARKEY (d.1550)
Joan Harkey’s background is unknown but she was the prioress of Ellerton in Swaledale, Yorkshire, a Cistercian convent, which was surrendered to the Crown on August 18, 1536. She was granted a pension of £3 per annum. She lived in nearby Richmond until her death. Her will, made on April 8, 1550 and proved on July 22, mentioned several former Ellerton nuns—Alice Tomson, Cecily Swale (who had given birth to a child while Joan was prioress), Agnes Aslaby, Elizabeth Parker, and Margaret Dowson. Aslaby and Parker had gone to Nun Appleton Priory when Ellerton was dissolved and Swale had transferred to the nunnery at Swine. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under “Harkey, Joan.”
ELIZABETH HARLESTONE (d.1552)
Elizabeth Harlestone was the daughter of Clement Harlestone, Harleston, or Harlesden (1493-October 24,1544) of South Ockendon, Essex and Margaret Tey or Teye and on June 8, 1529 (the Oxford DNB says June 8, 1530 at Windsor Castle, where she had been in service to Anne Boleyn) married Sir John Wallop (1490-July 1551) as his second wife. Wallop was promoted to lieutenant of Calais Castle on June 23, 1530 and was resident ambassador to France from September 11, 1532 until the spring of 1537 and again from February 2, 1540 until March 1541. According to the DNB article on Wallop, "Lady Wallop handled aspects of their finances, including receiving wages from the exchequer." Although his wife continued to be part of the Boleyn faction until at least 1532 (when she was one of Anne Boleyn’s attendants when Anne, as Marquess of Pembroke, visited France with King Henry VIII), Wallop did not support the king's divorce from Catherine of Aragon. By December 1535, Elizabeth had apparently been won over to his way of thinking because she is described as Catherine's "creature." Elizabeth was often with her husband in France and often traveled back and forth. She was in the funeral procession of Queen Jane Seymour in 1537. The letter she wrote on August 8, 1538 from Farleigh in Hampshire to Lady Lisle in Calais still exists. She was obviously on intimate terms with the whole family and writes of Lady Lisle’s daughter, Anne Bassett, that “there is no doubt but she shall come to some great marriage.” She also refers to the countess of Sussex’s recent miscarriage. Anne Bassett was at that time living in the Sussex household. In March 1541, when Lady Wallop was at their house in Calais, Sir John Wallop was placed under house arrest in England on vague charges stemming from the seizure of Lord Lisle’s papers in Calais the previous year. He was pardoned and released within a few weeks. Sir John had no children by either of his wives. He named Elizabeth his executrix. After his death, she lived at South Ockendon, where she fell ill in March 1552 and died soon after.
MARGARET HARLESTONE (1519-1570)
Margaret Harlestone was the daughter of Robert Harlestone of Mattishall, Norfolk (b.c.1490). She waited seven years to marry Matthew Parker (August 6,1504-May 15,1575) because he was a priest. They lived together from around 1544 and finally wed on June 24, 1547, when such unions became legal. He became Archbishop of Canterbury under Queen Elizabeth and took up residence in Lambeth Palace in Southwark. The queen did not quite approve of married clergy and is reported to have told Margaret that she did not know what to call her, saying “Madam I many not call you, mistress I am ashamed to call you.” Under the name “Thomas Martin,” Parker published a defense of married clergy. Bishop Sandys nicknamed Margaret “Parker’s Abbess” because of her gravity, chastity, discretion, and piety. She had five children, John (May 5,1548-1618), Matthew (d.yng), Matthew (September 1, 1551-December 1574), Joseph (d.yng.), and Martha (b. August 1550). In 1566 a description of her household indicated that it included two daughters-in-law, Joanna Cox and Frances Barlow, both daughters of bishops, along with Parker’s niece, Mrs. Clark, a Mrs. Baker and her daughter, and Parker’s comptroller’s wife. Each of them had a maidservant. At the time of her death, she owned the Bell Inn and Norfolk House, formerly the residence of the dukes of Norfolk, both located just west of the Archbishop's palace in Lambeth.
MARGARET HARLESTONE (d. c. 1592)
Margaret Harlestone was the daughter of Clement Harlestone of Okinden, Essex (1493-October 24, 1544) and Margaret Tey or Teye. Her first husband was named Howe but she was a widow by June 1, 1554 when she married Roger Ascham (1514/15-December 1568). According to his Oxford DNB entry, another suitor, referred to only as “J. B.” had attempted to kidnap her and this ended in a court case. Ascham won. Margaret had only a small dowry and her relatives were poverty-stricken, so one presumes it was a love match. They had at least four sons—Giles (1560-April 1600), Sturm (1562-1567), Dudley (1564-1603), and Thomas (1569-1608)—and two daughters, the last child born posthumously. A long, rather preachy letter is extant from Ascham to his wife following the death of their newborn child, but he does frequently refer to her in the text by her first name, indicating a warmer relationship than many sixteenth century couples had. On September 28, 1569, Margaret took Thomas Rampston as her third husband and bore him at least one daughter, Anne. In a 1582 letter to Queen Elizabeth, Margaret says she has seven children to care for. She and her third husband lived at Salisbury Hall. Margaret died at some point between July 30, 1590 and June 26, 1592. There is some debate over whether Roger Ascham had an earlier wife named Alice. In a letter to Lady Jane Grey in 1551, he asks to be remembered to “Alice, my wife.” Leanda de Lisle’s recent biography of Lady Jane Grey and her sisters states that Alice Ascham was in service at Bradgate in the summer of 1550 when Ascham visited there prior to leaving England to take up a post at the court of Charles V. Lawrence V. Ryan’s biography of Ascham, however, argues that the words were meant in jest. The letter to Lady Jane was actually in Latin and says “uxor” not wife, which Ryan says would not refer to an actual wife, although it might mean someone he intended to marry. Ascham had written to his uncle for approval to marry a certain A___ B___, but (again, according to Ryan) no marriage took place, in large part because Ascham needed an exemption from the statute of celibacy in order to wed. He did not ask for this exemption until after 1551. Since the penalty for marrying without an exemption was death, this was not something to take lightly and, had he wed in secret, he would certainly not have been writing of it openly to a member of a family closely connected to the Crown.
KATHERINE HARLEY (1539-February 16, 1623)
Katherine Harley was the daughter of John Harley of Brampton (October 29, 1521-1606) and Maud Warnscombe (1522-1589+). She married twice, first to John Cressit of Upton, by whom she had at least one child, Richard. Her second husband was Thomas Cornwall of Burford, Shropshire (1537-May 21, 1615), by whom she had at least three children, Mary (c.1572-c.1600), Thomas (1573-1634), and Cecily. Portrait: monument in Burford.
ANNE HARLING (d. September 18, 1498)
Anne Harling was the daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Harling or Harlyng of East Harling, Norfolk (d.1435) and Jane Gunville. She married three times. Her first husband was Sir William Chamberlain or Chamberlayne of Gedding, Suffolk (d. April 1462). She then married Sir Robert Wingfield (c.1432-1481; alternate date of death is February 21, 1492/3). Her third husband was John, 5th baron Scrope of Bolton (July 22, 1435-August 17, 1498). He named Anne the executor of his will. Lady Scrope is remembered for having converted a college of priests at Rushworth, Norfolk into a grammar school. This was done to secure perpetual prayers for herself and her three husbands. Rushworth and Harling manors were conveyed to the college to support this foundation. She also left bequests to ten convents in her will and was a lay sister at four of them: Bruisyard, Campsey, Redlingfield, and Syon. She was buried in the church at East Harling with her first husband. Most accounts give her no children, but her will, dated August 28, 1498, lists a daughter, Dame Elizabeth Hengrave. Portraits: matice of the brass of Sir William Chamberlain and Lady Anne from Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, East Harling.
see ANNE DEVEREUX
see DOROTHY HUTTOFT
MAGDALEN HARPENDEN (d.1517)
Magdalen (or Maud) Harpenden was Welsh by birth. She married Sir John Tate (d.1515), a mercer, alderman, Lord Mayor of London (1496-7 and June-October 1514) and mayor of Calais (1505 and 1509). Their children were John, Anthony, and Bartholomew (d.1532). The Tates lived in the parish of All Hallows by the Tower and later in the parish of St. Dion's, Backchurch. Tate's will, dated January 13, 1515 and proved eighteen days later, left charitable bequests totaling £1763 and named his wife as executor. This will favored his youngest surviving son, Bartholomew, and excluded his elder son. When Magdalen wrote her own will, she took the opportunity to criticize her late husband for this oversight.
see ISABELLA BOTT
LUCY HARPER or
see LUCY PECKHAM
ALICE HARPUR (c.1474-1546)
Alice Harpur was the daughter of Sir Richard Harpur or Harper of Latten, Essex (d.1492) and Elizabeth Arderne (d.c.1510). Before 1492, Alice married John Middleton (d. 1509), a London mercer. They had two daughters, Alice (c.1501-1563) and Helen (d.c.1510). She became the second wife of Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) in 1511 and as such was painted by Hans Holbein the Younger in 1527. More’s children were all from his first marriage. More and his family lived at Crosby Place in London and, after 1523, in the house he built on land in Chelsea. More’s execution and the confiscation of his property left his widow destitute until, on March 16, 1536/7, she was granted £20 per annum. In 1542, she was leasing a house in Chelsea at 20s/year. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under "More [née Harpur; other married name Middleton], Alice." NOTE: the DNB entry gives her date of death as "on or before 25 April 1551." Portraits: Alice is included in the group portrait of the More Family which exists as a sketch by Hans Holbein and a later portrait based on Holbein by Rowland Lockey. Below is a detail from the Lockey painting. Holbein also painted an individual portrait of Dame Alice More.
see also HARINGTON
JANE HARRINGTON (d.1565)
Jane Harrington was the daughter of William Harrington (d.1540/1), a grocer who was Lord Mayor of York in 1536, and his first wife, Katherine (d. before 1528). By 1529, she married Robert Hall of York (by 1497-October 5, 1565), a merchant by whom she had at least three sons and four daughters: John, Robert, Leonard, Mary, Anne, Elizabeth, and Katherine. They lived in Goodramgate Street. Hall was Lord Mayor of York twice. During September 1541, in his first term, King Henry VIII visited York. During the second term, 1557-8, a Russian ambassador who was passing through York on his way to London lodged with the Halls. In his will, made on October 23, 1564 and proved October 8, 1565, Hall left his wife the house in which they lived and other property and made her his executor, but she survived him by less than a month. In her will, she left £100 to rebuild Ouse Bridge.
ALICE HARRIS (d. 1602)
Alice Harris was the daughter of John Harris, Thomas More’s secretary, and Dorothy Colley, Margaret More’s maid. Harris was reemployed by Margaret More to make copies of manuscript letters. These were in Dorothy Colley Harris’s possession in 1588 when she loaned them to Thomas Stapleton, More’s biographer, whose Tres Thomae was published that year at Douai. The entire Harris family went into exile after the death of Mary Tudor and Alice was married at some point before 1571, in Louvain, to John Fowler (1537-February 13, 1578/9), a scholar and printer. With her husband, she moved to Antwerp in 1574, Douai in 1577, Rheims in 1578, and finally Namur, where he died. Alice then opened a boarding house in Douai for English Catholics.
ANNE HARRIS (1574-October 2, 1636)
Anne Harris was the daughter of Sir Thomas Harris (1547-1610) and Elizabeth Pomeroy (d.1634). On June 24, 1594 she married Thomas Southwell of Spixworth, Norfolk (c.1575-1626). Anne was a poet, writing from a staunch protestant viewpoint. She often wrote about prominent people. Her second husband, Captain Henry Sibthorpe (d. 1626+), was her mentor and editor. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under “Southwell [née Harris], Anne.”
ELIZABETH or ISABEL
Elizabeth Harris was the daughter of Francis Harris of Hayne, Devon (d.1509) and Philippa Grenville (d.1524). In 1528 or 1529, she married Walter Staynings or Steyning of Honycott (Honeycroft; Holnicote), Somerset (c.1500-1537) and had four children under the age of six by June 1534, when he was in prison for debt. One of these children, Honor (c.1530-1601), was named after her mother's sister, Honor Grenville, viscountess Lisle. She wrote to Lady Lisle to ask for help in appealing to the queen. Lord Cromwell had been told by the king to sort the matter out, but he was delaying. At that time, Elizabeth was about to leave London to have another child. Left in poverty and pregnant yet again when her husband died, Elizabeth entered the service of Mary Arundell, countess of Sussex, as a waiting gentlewoman, although she was also offered a home with Lady Lisle in Calais. Lady Sussex was Elizabeth's cousin (the daughter of Katherine Grenville). Another of Elizabeth's children was Philip Steyning (d.1589). Elizabeth remarried at some point after 1538, becoming the second of the three wives of Thomas Gawdy (c.1476-August 4, 1556), although The History of Parliament identifies her as the daughter of John Harris of Radford, Devon. Her daughter Honor later married his son by his first marriage, Thomas. Elizabeth was the mother of two sons by Gawdy, including Anthony (c.1554-1606) and may have died as a result of his birth. She was dead before Gawdy made his will on February 1, 1554.
JANE HARRIS (1593?-1619+)
Jane Harris was the daughter of Thomas Harris of Maldon, Essex (December 5, 1562-1621) and Cordelia Gyll or Gill (c.1566-1632+?). Provisions in the will of Francis Wolley (1583-August 17, 1609) and the subsequent fate of the properties left to his illegitimate daughter, Mary Wolley, identify Jane (called Jeane Herris, eldest daughter of Lady Cordelia Herris of Essex) as the mother of this child, although it is not clear exactly when she was born. Wolley was only twenty-seven when he died. According to the summary in A Topographical History of Surrey by E. W. Brayley, Wolley left £200 to Jane, together with an annuity of £100 for life or until she married. The will then reads: "I give my manor of Burpham [Burgham] and lands at Jahdenn to that female child that was christened in Pirford [Pyrford] Church, by my wife [Mary Hawtrey] and Mrs. Bridget Weston, by the name of Mary Wolley, and to the heirs of her body." His principal heir, Sir Arthur Mainwaring, was to have the reversion of these rights if there were no heirs. Further, Jeane Herris was to have the care of Mary Wolley until she attained the age of twenty and would receive the rents of the estate for her support. The will was challenged in the Court of Wards and in Chancery with the result that Mary was to keep the manor but pay the other claimants £500. With her husband, John Wyrley, Mary was still in possession of Burgham and the manor of Worplesdon in 1645. As for Jeane or Jane Harris, she went on to marry Captain Henry Wroth of Woodbury on December 10, 1612 in St. Giles, Cripplegate, London. They had two sons, John (b.1617) and Henry (b. November 24, 1619).
see MARY GEDGE
see ALICE WARD
MARGARET HARRISON (1546-September 11, 1600)
Margaret Harrison was the sister of George Harrison the printer. She also had two sisters, Christina and Agnes. Margaret married William Sharles (d.1590), a mercer. He purchased a house in Newgate Market in 1568 for £120, where they lived for most of their marriage. When her husband died, Margaret continued to run his business, in which the sale of glassware played a large part. By the time she made her will, which she signed with her mark on September 2, 1600, she owned seven houses in London, one in Clerkenwell, and Barking Manor. Her estate was worth some £3000. She left several charitable bequests and willed property to her sisters, Christina Warden and Agnes Howe, and to her niece, Alice Sharles, the daughter of her brother-in-law, Thomas Sharles, but the bulk of her estate went to another niece, Agnes, daughter of John and Agnes Howe. Margaret made conditions, among them that Agnes was not to inherit until she was twenty, nor was she to marry until then. The will was challenged by Thomas Sharles on behalf of his daughters Suzan and Alice, and by Humphrey Warden on behalf of his wife, but they were not successful. For details on what happened to Agnes Howe and her inheritance, see her entry. Margaret was buried in Christchurch beside her husband.
ANNE HART (d.1566)
Anne Hart was the daughter of John Hart of Westmill, Hertfordshire (c.1450-1507) and Elizabeth Peche (1452-July 15, 1544). She married first Edmund Talbot of Bashall, Yorkshire (d. February 20, 1520) and second Sir James Stanley of Cross Hall, Lancashire (d. 1546+). Her children were Thomas Talbot (1507/8-1558) and Anne Stanley (1532-March 1612), although some genealogies list her as the mother of George (d. December 8, 1570) and Henry (1515-July 23, 1598) Stanley and Tudor Place gives her nine children by Stanley—George, Henry, Alice, Margaret, Edward, Thomas, Jane, Anne, and Eleanor/Helen. Other than Anne, most if not all were probably Anne’s stepchildren. After her second husband’s death, Anne lived at Holt Hall, left to her by her first husband. The story goes that when her daughter wished to marry a man named Ralph Rishton of Ponthalgh, Lancashire, who had mistreated two previous wives and had, indeed, been married to both of them at the same time, Anne forced the younger Anne to marry John Rishton, Ralph’s cousin, instead. One online source says that John divorced Anne in 1560 and married her sister, after which Anne married Ralph and had nine children by him. Under the laws on divorce at the time, a divorce could be obtained, but neither party was permitted to remarry afterward. It seems more likely the marriage between Anne the younger and John Rishton was annulled. Anne Hart Talbot Stanley made her will on November 20, 1557. She asked to be buried in the church of Blackburn. She made bequests to her four servants, two men and two women (Margaret Green and Anne Gibson) and named her son Thomas as her executor. No other children are mentioned. There is no record of probate for this document but several online genealogies give 1566 as her date of death.
see ANNE HAYNES
ELIZABETH HART (d. March 1552+)
Elizabeth Hart was the daughter of John Hart of Westmill, Hertfordshire (c.1450-1507) and Elizabeth Peche (1452-July 15, 1544). She became the third wife of Thomas Brooke, 8th baron Cobham (d. July 19, 1539) in about 1518. She had a jointure worth 100 marks a year and his will left her Cobham Hall for life, together with all his moveable goods. Her second husband was a widower, John Cornewall. Elizabeth was still living when her stepson, George Brooke, 9th baron, wrote a will dated March 31, 1551/2.
see ELIZABETH PECHE
see JOAN ROSSITER
see CAMILLA GUICCIARDINI
see CORDELL ANNESLEY
ISABEL HARVEY (d.1543/4)
Isabel Harvey was the daughter of John Harvey or Hervey of Thurleigh (Thirley), Bedfordshire (d. September 23, 1474) and Alice or Agnes Morley. Her mother married second John Isley and third John Paston the Younger. Isabel was married four times. Her first husband was John Leigh of Addington, Surrey (d.1503), by whom she had a son, Nicholas. Her second husband was Roger Fitz of Southwark (d.1504), owner of two houses "in the Stews, on the Bankside" in Ram Alley, the Lion and the Ram. His will specified that both were to be sold to found a chantry in Lewisham. As her third husband, Isabel married William Hatcliffe of London and Lewisham, Kent (d.1518/19) as his second wife. He was under-treasurer of Ireland and organized the 1513 invasion of France. They entertained Cardinal Campeggio at Lewisham in 1518. His will was made November 10, 1518 and proved March 18, 1519. In May 1519, Isabel released all the money (over £25,000) her husband had handled for the king in 1513. Her last husband was John Fleming of Southampton (d.1528). Portrait: floor brass at Addington with her first husband on which his date of death is incorrectly given as 1509.
LUCY HARVEY or
Lucy Harvey or Hervey was the daughter and coheir of Thomas Harvey or Hervey of Elmesthorpe, Leicestershire. By 1544, she married Thomas Cotton of Conington, Huntingdonshire (February 23, 1514/15-October 28, 1574). They had four sons. In his will, made July 28, 1574, Cotton left most of his property to his wife. He specified that £10 was to go to each of his younger sons and left the manor of Wood Walton to his eldest son, Thomas (d. May 30, 1592), provided Thomas left his mother in undisturbed possession of Conington. Later there was a lawsuit over this stipulation.
ELEANOR HASELRIGGE (d. July 1594)
Eleanor Haselrigge was probably the daughter of Robert Haselrigge of Donnington, Leicestershire (d.1554) and Eleanor Shirley. Her first husband was Thomas Smith of Mitcham, Surrey (d. 1576), by whom she had George, Edmund, Edward, Mary, Eleanor, and Mary the younger. Smythe left two-thirds of his properties to Eleanor. In 1577, she married Bartholomew Clerke of Mitcham, Surrey (c.1537-March 12, 1589/90), a lawyer, judge, professor of rhetoric at Cambridge, and master in Chancery. He bought the manor of Clapham in Surrey in 1583. In his will, dated April 1589 and proved March 17, 1590, he left money in trust for his wife. She and their son, Francis (b.1579) were named as executors and were ordered not to spend more than £100 on his funeral. Eleanor was, however, to build a little chapel for the family tombs near the north window in Clapham church. Clerke made even more detailed arrangements for their daughter Cecily (d.1629). She was to be brought up by Lord and Lady Buckhurst, to whom he left his most valuable horse and a "casket of cyprus." Lady Buckhurst was Cecily Baker and, perhaps, Cecily Clerke's godmother. Cecily was to receive £1000 upon her marriage "if possible to one of Clerke's own name, but the matter must be left to God's providence." Cecily married Sir Edward Bellingham on January 26, 1595 at St. Mary Magdalene, Milk Street, London. Eleanor left an undated will which was found on July 20,1594, after her death, locked in a little black trunk standing at the foot of her bed. This will was proved July 23, 1594. She left £50 to her married daughter, Eleanor Borne, £500 to her daughter, Mary Smythe, and £400 to her daughter, Cecily Clerke. To Elizabeth Trowell, "now kept by me in my house," she left £40. Custody of her son, Francis Clerke, was to go to her brother, John Haselrigge. The entire will can be found at www.oxford-shakespeare.com. Portrait: effigy on her second husband's tomb in Clapham, Surrey.
ANNE HASSALL (d.1549+)
Anne Hassall was the daughter of Richard Hassall of Hassall and Hankelow, Cheshire. She became the mistress of Sir Anthony Lee of Quarrendon, Buckinghamshire (1510/11-November 24, 1549) while Lee was still married to Margaret Wyatt and bore him two sons, Richard (d. December 22, 1608) and Russell, out of wedlock. After Lady Lee died, they were married. The marriage settlement is dated May 23, 1548. In his will, Lee left Anne a large flock of sheep, plate, and household stuff. If she remarried, the plate and household stuff were to go to her sons. She was buried at Hardwick, Buckinghamshire.
ANNE HASTINGS (c.1471-c.1512)
Anne Hastings was the daughter of William, 1st baron Hastings (1430-x. June 13, 1483) and Katherine Neville (1442-before November 22, 1503). She married George Talbot, 4th earl of Shrewsbury (1468-July 26, 1538), by whom she had eleven children: Mary (d. April 16, 1572), Francis (1500-September 25, 1560), Margaret (d. before 1516), Elizabeth (d.1532), Dorothy, Richard, Henry, John (d.yng.), John (d.yng.), William, and Lucy. Anne was at court as one of Catherine of Aragon’s ladies in waiting at the beginning of Henry VIII’s reign and her youngest daughter Lucy was a maid of honor. Portrait: effigy with her husband and his second wife (Anne on Talbot's right). The other wife is Elizabeth Walden (d.July 1567); engraving of the monument.
see ANNE STAFFORD
ANNE HASTINGS (c.1485-November 17, 1550)
Anne Hastings was the daughter of Edward, 2nd baron Hastings (November 25, 1466-November 8, 1506) and Mary Hungerford (c.1468-July 10, 1533). Anne was married to John Radcliffe, Lord Fitzwalter (1442-1496) as a child. In 1507, she married Thomas Stanley, 2nd earl of Derby (1485-May 23, 1521) and was the mother of Edward, 3rd earl (May 10,1508-October 24,1572), John, Anne, Margaret (d. January 1534), Henry (d. June 29, 1528), James, George, Thomas (c.1515-1538), and Jane. Anne was at the court of Catherine of Aragon as the youngest of her ladies in waiting in 1509 and at the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520. In 1542, when her son-in-law, Robert, earl of Sussex, died he gave Anne custody of his daughter, Jane (her mother was Anne's late daughter Margaret) as well as the wardship of young Lord Berkeley, intended as the girl's husband. In 1545, Anne sold Berkeley's wardship to his mother for £1000. In her will, Anne left Jane clothing, furnishings, and the profits of that sale.
CATHERINE HASTINGS (August 11, 1542-c.1585)
Catherine Hastings was the daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd earl of Huntingdon (1514-June 20, 1561) and Katherine Pole (d. September 23, 1576). She married Henry Clinton of Tattershall, Lincolnshire (1540-September 28,1616), who succeeded his father as earl of Lincoln in 1585. The online site, Tudor Place, gives the date of the marriage as March 30, 1567, but a biography of her brother, The Puritan Earl by Claire Cross, states she was already married when their father died. Clinton was bad tempered, possibly insane, and universally detested. According to his entry in the History of Parliament, he was at loggerheads with his wife in 1580 over the future of their sons. The death date frequently given for Catherine of September 22, 1576, only one day different from the date her mother died, is in error. In a 1585 letter to Lord Burghley, written shortly before his father died, Clinton mentions Catherine, claiming that his stepmother (ELIZABETH FITZGERALD) and his wife were conspiring together to slander him to the queen. Clinton married his second wife (ELIZABETH MORISON) on October 20, 1586. Catherine had two sons, Thomas (c.1568-January 15,1618/19) and Edward (b.1572).
see CATHERINE ASKE
ELIZABETH HASTINGS (c.1450-1507/8)
Elizabeth Hastings was the daughter of Sir Leonard Hastings (c.1397-October 20, 1455) and Alice de Camoys and the sister of William, Lord Hastings. At some point between February 24, 1462 and March 11, 1565, she married Sir John Donne (Don, Dun, Dwnn) of Kidwelly, Carmarthenshire (d. January 1503). They had a number of children, including Anne (c.1471-c.1507), Margaret, Edward (1482?-1552), and Griffith or Gruffudd (1487?-1543). Although Donne was replaced as lieutenant of Calais in 1497, Elizabeth still had a house there after his death. The family also lived for long periods in Wales. She and her husband are buried in St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle. Portrait: c. 1479/80, the artist Hans Memling, created an altarpiece for use in a private chapel, using Sir John and his wife and one of their daughters (the Oxford DNB entry for Donne indicates this daughter was probably Anne) as models for the figures kneeling before the Virgin Mary. The Donne Triptych is now in the National Gallery, London.
ELIZABETH HASTINGS (c. 1496-1504/5)
Elizabeth Hastings was the daughter of Sir John Hastings of Fenwick,Yorkshire (c.1466-July 12,1504) and Katherine Aske (c.1457-February 4, 1506/7). Following her father’s death, she was abducted by Henry Percy, 5th earl of Northumberland, an action which usurped King Henry VII’s right of prerogative wardship. To make matters worse, Elizabeth died while in Northumberland’s custody, thus permanently depriving the king of a valuable wardship. Northumberland was fined £10,000, although payment was suspended during the king’s pleasure. Eventually Northumberland paid £3000, although part of that may have been for unlawful retaining (keeping too many liveried retainers in his employ).
ELIZABETH HASTINGS (d. July 29, 1588)
Elizabeth Hastings was the daughter and coheir of Sir William Hastings (1470-1514) and Jane Sheffield (1474-March 16, 1528). In about 1540, she married Sir John Beaumont of Grace Dieu and Thringston, Leicestershire (d.1557) as his second wife. Their children were Francis (c.1540-April 22, 1598), Henry (c.1543-1585), and Elizabeth (d. August 1562). Beaumont became master of rolls on December 13, 1550, but he abused his position, speculating with the revenues and forging the signature of the late Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk, on a deed to favor Suffolk's daughter, Anne Brandon, Lady Grey of Powis. He then bought the property from her. Since Henry Grey, the new duke of Suffolk, challenged Anne's right to the property, the forgery was discovered and Beaumont was imprisoned in February 1552. His lands were surrendered to the Crown, including the family seat at Grace Dieu, Leicestershire, which was granted in 1553 to Francis Hastings, earl of Huntingdon, Elizabeth's cousin. After Beaumont's death, Elizabeth petitioned for the return of her dower lands, including Ashburton Manor, Fleckney Manor, and messuages, lands, etc. at Grace Dieu, Belton, Merele, Osgardthorpe, Thringston, and Swannington. By 1567, she had regained possession of at least some of the property, including Grace Dieu. From 1571, Elizabeth raised her late daughter's four children, Henry (c.1559-1587), Eleanor (c.1560-c.1625), Elizabeth (b.c.1561), and Anne (July 1562-c.1637) Vaux at Grace Dieu, instilling in them the tenets of Roman Catholicism. She was obviously successful, since Eleanor and Anne spent decades providing safe houses for Jesuit missionaries and Elizabeth became a Poor Clare nun in Rouen, France in March of 1582. Elizabeth Hastings Beaumont's stepdaughter, Jane Beaumont, had married Robert Brooksby of Shoby and in about 1577, Brooksby's son by his first marriage married Elizabeth's granddaughter, Eleanor Vaux. In 1581, Elizabeth was believed to be harboring the priest Edmund Campion. On August 13 of that year her kinsman Francis Hastings was ordered to examine her and search her home but he found nothing. In 1584, after her son Francis was interrogated about his correspondence with known recusants, she was labeled "great favorite of papists" and it was recommended that she be confined to her house. Henry Garnet, who was active in England from 1586, wrote of her: "It was her great pleasure to look after the priests' rooms and to cook their food so that their presence might be kept more secret. And she showed great devotion to me without my meriting it in any way." Elizabeth left two of her greatest treasures, a "tawny rouge mantle" and "a gold cross full of relics" to her granddaughter, Anne Vaux. She died in her home in Leicestershire and Garnet sang the Requiem Mass. Her son Francis, who had conformed to the New Religion, was not informed of her death until afterward. He later arranged a memorial service for his mother during which he praised her virtues but decried her adherence to Catholicism.
ELIZABETH HASTINGS (c.1546-August 24, 1621)
Elizabeth Hastings was the daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd earl of Huntingdon (1514-June 20, 1561) and Katherine Pole (d. September 23, 1576). In 1562, either Elizabeth or her sister Mary was to marry the earl of Oxford’s heir, Lord Bulbeck. She had a dowry of £1000 from her father’s will and her brother added another 1000 marks, but Lord Bulbeck chose to marry Ann Cecil instead. Elizabeth was a maid of honor before she married Edward Somerset, 4th earl of Worcester (1553-March 3,1628) in December 1571. Queen Elizabeth credited her with converting “a stiff papist into a good subject.” The large number of their children kept them poor. The children were Francis (d.yng.), Katherine (c.1575-October 30, 1624), Anne, Elizabeth, William (d.before January 21, 1598), Henry (d.December 18, 1646), Thomas (1579-1649/50), a second Catherine (d.November 6, 1654), Blanche (c.1583-October 28, 1649), two sons named Charles,Christopher, Edward, Frances, and Mary. Elizabeth died at Worcester House, St. Clement Danes, London and was buried at Raglan. Portraits: c.1571 by William Segar; c.1600 (reproduced in Roy Strong's The Cult of Elizabeth); portrait listed as "possibly Elizabeth Hastings, Countess of Worcester" on Flickr.
see ELIZABETH STANLEY
FLORENCE HASTINGS (c.1473-1536)
Florence Hastings was the daughter of Ralph Hastings of Harrowdon, Northamptonshire and Kirkby, Leicestershire (1435-1495) and Amy or Anne Tattershall. She married Edmund, 9th baron Grey de Wilton (c.1468-May 5, 1511) and was the mother George, 10th baron (1494-before 1517), Thomas, 11th baron (1497-October 3, 1517), Richard, 12th baron (1505-October 14, 1521), William, 13th baron (1509-December 15, 1562), and Elizabeth (d. December 29, 1559). Grey's will was written May 5, 1511 and proved May 15, 1511. Alison Weir in her biography of Mary Boleyn identifies Florence as the "young dowager Lady Grey de Wilton" and suggests that she, not her daughter, accompanied Mary Tudor to France in 1513. If she did, she was one of those who remained in France after most of Mary's entourage was sent home, but I am not convinced Florence was the one who stayed, since by 1513, she was no longer all that "young." Weir also states that she was widowed in 1505, which is incorrect. Florence remarried, taking as her second husband Richard Brett of Bletchley, Buckinghamshire (d.c.1533). His will was written July 16, 1532 and proved March 20, 1533/4. After his death, she was sued for a debt he owed. Florence's will was written July 28, 1536. In it she mentions her daughters Brydges (Elizabeth) and Bardara (?) and her sister Dyre (Dyer).
FRANCES HASTINGS (d.1574)
Frances Hastings was the daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd earl of Huntingdon (1514-June 20, 1561) and Katherine Pole (d. September 23, 1576). Her father left her a dowry of £1000, which was doubled in 1562 in an agreement between her mother and her brother, the 3rd earl. This agreement was altered two years later and it is unclear what affect that had on the dowry. In about 1567, Frances married Henry Compton (February 16, 1538-December 1589), who was created Lord Compton in 1572. They had one son, William (1568-June 24, 1630).
see JANE RESTWOLD; JANE or JOAN ROMONDBYE
see KATHERINE DUDLEY; KATHERINE POLE; KATHERINE WOODVILLE
see MARY HUNGERFORD
MARY HASTINGS (c.1552-1584+)
Mary Hastings was the youngest daughter of Francis Hastings, 2nd earl of Huntingdon (1514-June 20, 1561) and Katherine Pole (d. September 23, 1576). In 1562, Mary's brother contracted a marriage for one of his sisters, either Lady Elizabeth or Lady Mary, to Lord Bulbeck, the earl of Oxford's heir. The agreement provided for a dowry of 1000 marks and a jointure of £1000. Edward de Vere was supposed to marry one of the sisters within a month of his eighteenth birthday. Before that date, however, the earl of Oxford died and the new earl became the ward of William Cecil, Lord Bughley. He married Burghley's daughter, Ann Cecil, instead. Lady Mary, still unmarried and in her late twenties, may have been at the court of Queen Elizabeth in 1581 when Dr. Robert Jacobi, an English physician living in Muscovy, suggested her name to Tsar Ivan the Terrible of Russia in reponse to his interest in beginning negotiations for an English bride of royal blood. Mary qualified, being a Plantagenet descendent distantly related to the queen. It is uncertain when she was told of her role in the matter, but if she knew anything about Ivan, she cannot have been enthusiastic. He was at that time married to his seventh wife, a woman he planned to discard if the match with an English "princess" could be arranged. Ivan sent an ambassador,Theodor Andreevich Pissemsky, to England to negotiate the marriage and an alliance against the king of Poland. He was to report on the height, complexion, and measurements of the proposed bride and procure a portrait of her. Ivan was looking for a stately appearance, and would also require that Mary and all her attendants convert to the Orthodox religion. Queen Elizabeth, who wanted exclusive English access to the port of St. Nicholas, deliberately delayed committing herself with the ambassador, who arrived in England in September 1582, at first telling him that Mary Hastings had recently had smallpox and that a face-to-face meeting and a portrait would be intrusive. In May 1583, however, she could put him off no longer. There are several contradictory accounts of the meeting, based on a report by the ambassador himself (translated) and a memoir by Sir Jerome Horsey, who was not present. They differ widely in some areas but agree that the meeting was in the Lord Chancellor's garden. The Lord Chancellor was Sir Thomas Bromley, but while the ambassador's account says the garden was at Bromley's country house, Horsey places it in the gardens at York House, near Charing Cross in the city of Westminster. According to the ambassador, he was allowed only an interpreter, Dr. Roberts, and did not actually speak to Lady Mary. There was a party of ladies in the garden and Lady Mary was pointed out to him. She was walking at the head of the group, between the countess of Huntingdon (her brother's wife, born Katherine Dudley) and Lady Bromley (Elizabeth Fortescue). The two groups circled the garden several times, passing each other, so that the ambassador could get a good look. Horsey's version, in which the ambassador throws himself on the ground before the Tsar's betrothed and declares she has the face of an angel, seems unlikely. What the ambassador did say was, "It is enough." He reported to the Tsar that "The Princess of Hountinski, Mary Hantis is tall, slight, and white-skinned; she has blue eyes, fair hair, a straight nose, and her fingers are long and taper." Some translations make her eyes grey. The long-awaited portrait was completed in time for him to take it with him when he returned to Russia. He embarked on June 22, 1583 along with England's new ambassador to Russia, Sir Jerome Bowes. Bowes's instructions were to dissuade the Tsar on grounds of Mary's poor health, scarred complexion, and reluctance to leave her friends. Until Ivan's death on March 18, 1584, Mary (at least according to Horsey) had to put up with being called "the Empress of Muscovia." Mary herself died, still unwed, before 1589, by which date a bequest in her will was being contested. One source says her death came shortly after a visit to her brother in Ireland but, so far, I've found no record that any of her brothers was serving there in the 1580s.
see MAUD LONGFORD
see SARAH HARINGTON
see WINIFRED POLE
BEATRIX HATCLIFFE (d. April 20, 1505)
Beatrix Hatcliffe was the daughter of James Hatcliffe/Hawcklyfe of Grimthorpe, Yorkshire. She married first, at some point after September 20, 1483, as his second wife, Ralph, 2nd baron Greystock (1408-June 1, 1487). He had fifteen children by his first wife but none by Beatrix. Her second husband was Sir Robert Constable of North Cliffe, Yorkshire (c.1445-November 22, 1501). Their marriage license is dated August 18, 1490. Their children were Agnes (d.c.1520), Marmaduke (c.1491-c.1525), Elizabeth, Robert (d.c.1564/5), Anne, Jane (d.1564+), and William. On April 12, 1502, Beatrix became a vowess by taking a vow of chastity. She made her will on that same day three years later and it was proved on June 5, 1505. At that time she had three underage children. She wished Elizabeth to become a nun, but provided for her marriage if she did not agree to enter into religion at the age of twelve.
see DOROTHY KAY
see ISABEL HARVEY
ANNE HATHAWAY (1556-August 8, 1623)
Anne Hathaway was the daughter of Richard Hathaway (d.1581). She married William Shakespeare (April 1564-April 23,1616) on November 30 or December 1,1582 and bore three children, Susanna (May 1583-1649), Hamnet (January 1585-August 1596) and Judith (January 1585-February 1662). From her husand’s departure for London until his death there is no documentary evidence of Anne’s whereabouts or activities. In his will, he left her “the second best bed with the furniture.” The best bed went with the house, which was left to his daughter Susanna and her husband. This was in no way an unusual bequest, as the expectation was that Susanna would take care of her mother, who was then sixty, for the remainder of her life. Anne is said to have wished to be buried with her husband but that the curse on those who disturbed his remains prevented this. Portrait: a tracing of an earlier portrait by Sir Nicholas Curzon, 1608, comes from the Colgate Library copy of the 3rd Folio of 1663. Biography: Germaine Greer, Shakespeare's Wife (2007).
DOROTHY HATTON (c.1536-c.1591)
Dorothy Hatton was the daughter of William Hatton of Holdenby, Norfolk (c.1510-August 29, 1546) and Alice Saunders. She married first John Newport of Hunnington, Warwickshire (d.1565), by whom she had a son, William (d. March 12, 1596). He took the name Hatton in order to inherit from his uncle, Dorothy’s brother Sir Christopher Hatton (1540-1591), who never married. Dorothy’s second husband was William Underhill of Idlicote, Warwickshire (c.1512-May 31 1570) by whom she also had a son, also named William (d.1597). Underhill purchased New Place, the second best house in Stratford-upon-Avon, in 1567. Their son sold it to William Shakespeare in 1597, shortly before he (William Underhill) was poisoned by his son, Fulke Underhill (x.1599). This loose connection led novelist and biographer Daphne du Maurier to speculate in The Winding Stair (1977) that Elizabeth Cecil, Lady Hatton, William Newport Hatton’s second wife, was the dark lady of Shakespeare’s sonnets. This is unlikely.
Elizabeth Hatton was the illegitimate daughter of Sir Christopher Hatton (1540-November 20, 1591). She was seduced by Sir John Perrott (1527-1592), possibly in Ireland, and bore his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth. Her life dates are unknown but it is quite certain that she is not the Elizabeth Hatton murdered on January 26 or 27, 1626, "torn limb from limb" in the courtyard behind the stables at Ely House in Holborn. In fact, there was no such person. The "Legend of Bleeding Heart Yard" has several versions and features a variety of women connected to the Hatton family. None of the versions are true.
see ELIZABETH CECIL
FRANCES HATTON (July 1590-before November 21, 1623)
Frances Hatton was the daughter of William (Newport) Hatton (d. March 12, 1596) and his first wife, Elizabeth Gawdy (1569-1591). Left an orphan, she was raised by her stepmother, Elizabeth Cecil Hatton (1577-1646). Frances’s marriage on February 24, 1605 to Robert Rich, 2nd earl of Warwick (1587-April 18, 1658) was cause for a major rift between Lady Hatton and her second husband, Sir Edward Coke. Frances and her husband had four sons and three daughters, including Frances, Anne (d. February 14, 1642), Robert (1611-1659), Charles (1619-1673), and Essex (a daughter).
see also HAWTE
see ELEANOR ROOS
see ELIZABETH TYRRELL
KATHERINE HAUTE (d.1508+) (maiden name unknown)
Katherine Haute has been suggested by several scholars, starting with Rosemary Horrox, as a possible mistress of King Richard III (1452-1485) and mother of his daughter Katherine (c.1470-1487). She is also sometimes said to have been the mother of his son, John of Pontefract (c.1468-1499), with the relationship dating from c.1467. This speculation is based on a 1477 grant of 100 shillings a year for life made by Richard to Katherine Haute. She appears to have been the wife of James Haute of Kinsbourne Hall at Harpenden, Hertfordshire (d.1508), whose mother was a Woodville and thus related to Edward IV's queen. His will, proved on July 20, 1508, indicates that his wife was still living at that time. With her husband, Katherine had three children: Edward, who died in 1528 according to Alison Weir and in 1537? according to the Oxford DNB, Alan (d.1529+), and Henry (1474-1508). Richard III is likely to have had at least one other mistress. The leading contender is one Alice Burgh, of a Knaresborough family. Calling her "my beloved gentlewoman" on March 20, 1474, Richard granted her an annuity of £20 for "certain special causes and considerations." Later she (or another woman with the same name) received a grant of twenty marks for being nurse to Edward of Warwick, son of the duke of Clarence. Her sister, Isabel Burgh, appears to have been nurse to Edward of Middleham, legitimate son of Richard III.
BARBARA HAWKE (d.1569+)
All the Queen's Women: The Changing Place and Perception of Aristocratic Women in Elizabethan England 1558-1620 (1987) by Joan Barbara Greenbaum Goldsmith lists Barbara Hawke Bruselles as part of the household of Elizabeth Tudor before 1558 and again from 1558-1569+ but it is in the household of Mary Tudor that I find early mention of Barbara Hawke. She is listed as a gentlewoman of the chamber for the period 1536-47, before Mary became queen, and appears again in 1553-8 as a Gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber to Queen Mary. The surname Bruselles does not appear in these early records. Queen Elizabeth gave Barbara russet colored material for gowns in 1565 and again in 1569. Jane Brussells, listed as a chamberer in the household of Queen Elizabeth in 1586, is Barbara's daughter.
see KATHERINE GONSON
see MARGARET PYNSON; MARGARET VAUGHAN
see MIRIAM KHAN
see ANNE BRANDON
JANE HAWTE (c.1486-1538+)
Jane Hawte was the daughter of Sir Thomas Hawte/Haute of Kent (d.1502) and Isabel Frowick. The will of her godfather, John Digges of Barham, dated June 5, 1502, left her a legacy. She was still unmarried at that time. Her first husband was Thomas Goodere (Goodyere/Goodier) of Hadley, Hertfordshire, by whom she had Anne (d.1560+) and Francis (d.1546). Some genealogies say Goodere died in 1518, but by then she was married to Robert Wroth of Durants, Enfield, Middlesex (1488/9-1535), by whom she had six children: Thomas (1518-October 9, 1573), John, William, Oliver, Dorothy, and another daughter. Wroth made his will on May 8, 1535 (proved May 26,1536), leaving two thirds of his lands to Jane for the education of their children. He also specified that his ward, Edward Lewknor, marry their daughter Dorothy (d.1556+). The wardship of Thomas Wroth was granted to Thomas Cromwell, who had been a friend of the family and to whom Robert left his best grey horse. The will of Francis Goodere (December 15, 1546) places the manor of Hadley and the parsonage of South Mimms in Middlesex. The manor was on the border of the two counties. On December 3, 1538, Jane is mentioned in connection with the vicarage of South Mimm.
Jane Hawte or Haute was the daughter of Sir William Hawte of Bishopsbourne, Kent (1489-1539) and Mary Guildford (b.1487). In 1536 she married Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger of Allington, Kent (1521-x.April 11,1554). Their children were Anna, Frances, Jane, Richard, Charles, Arthur, Henry, Jocosa, Ursula, and George (1554-1624). Five of the children were still living when Wyatt was executed for treason and his property confiscated by the Crown. According to some accounts, Jane was sent for after Wyatt's arrest and promised he would be spared if she could convince him to implicate Elizabeth Tudor in treason. He refused. She appealed directly to the queen, presenting a formal appeal for clemency to Mary as she returned from a session of Parliament. She received a "sharp answer" at first, but then the queen said she would "have mercy on her." Jane's half sister, Mary Kempe Finch, was one of Mary's ladies, but in the end a pardon for Sir Thomas proved out of the question. Until Queen Mary provided Jane with an annuity of £200 in 1555, the family was destitute. Jane was eventually allowed to reclaim her husband’s goods and some of his property, but by the time the family was restored in blood in 1570, George was the only surviving son. Some accounts say that Jane and her husband did not get along and that he had a mistress. While this may be correct, it is more likely a case of confusing Wyatt the Younger with his father. See the entries for ELIZABETH BROOKE and ELIZABETH DARRELL.
see MARGARET WOOD
see MARGERY CROCKER
ANNE HAWTREY (d. November 2, 1624)
Anne Hawtrey was one of the four daughters of William Hawtrey the younger of Chequers, Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire (d.1592) and Winifred Dormer (d.1614). She married John Saunders of Dinton, Buckinghamshire (d.1623). Their only child was a daughter, Elizabeth (c.1616-1640). Portrait: by a follower of Robert Peake (at Chequers Court).
BRIDGET HAWTREY (1588-1638)
Bridget Hawtrey was the second daughter of William Hawtrey the younger of Chequers, Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire (d.1592) and Winifred Dormer (d.1614). She married Sir Henry Croke of Hampton Poyle, Oxfordshire (c.1587-January 1,1659) and was the mother of Robert (c.1609-February 8, 1680), Henry, Frances, and Winifred. She was buried at Ellesborough on July 5, 1638. Portrait: by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger.
MARY HAWTREY (1587-1638)
Mary Hawtrey was the eldest daughter of William Hawtrey the younger of Chequers, Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire (d.1592) and Winifred Dormer (d.1614). In 1597, she inherited £500 from her grandfather, the senior William Hawtrey of Chequers. His will indicates that she was the ward of Elizabeth More, Lady Wolley of Pyrford, Surrey, who was widowed in 1596, but the History of Parliament entry for Mary's husband, Francis Wolley (1583-1609), Lady Wolley's son, gives the date of their wedding as September 11, 1594, when he was only eleven. They had no children. However, when Francis Wolley fathered an illegitimate daughter, Lady Wolley and Mrs. Bridget Weston christened the child in Pyrford Church with the name Mary Wolley. As a widow, Lady Wolley lived at Bodicote, near Adderbury, Oxfordshire, where she died early in 1638. Her will was written February 20, 1636/7 and proved February 21, 1637/8. Its provisions were disputed by Mary's half sister, Katherine Pigott, but the challenge was not successful. Portrait: by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger c.1625.
ANNE HAYNES (d.1625)
Anne Haynes was the daughter of Richard Haynes of Hoxton, Middlesex. She married first, as his second wife, Anthony Cage of Stowe, Cambridgeshire (d. June 8, 1583), a salter. They had one son, Nicholas (baptized September 5, 1577), who died before January 1625. The will of Anthony Cage was proved October 31, 1583. On May 14, 1586, again as a second wife, Anne married John Hart or Harte (1541-1603), a member of the grocer’s company who was involved with the Levant Company, the Muscovy Company and the East India Company and engaged in moneylending. They lived in the parish of St. Swithins in Candlewick Street near London Stone in a very fine mansion. Hart served as Lord Mayor of London in 1589-90. They had no children. Hart died, according to the History of Parliament, of a "tedious and dangerous disease often repeated." Together with other bequests, including his house in St. Swithins, his will, dated January 3, 1604 and proved January 23, 1604, left his well-beloved wife all the jewels, rings of gold, and plate which were hers before their marriage and all chains and other jewels he had given her, together with a dozen silver trenchers and a chafing dish of silver he had been given by Lady Ramsey. She was also to have his "new spout-pot of silver to serve her at her table." Anne wrote her will on January 31, 1625 and it was proved March 15, 1625. Her principal heirs were her grandchildren, the sons and daughters of her late son Nicholas Cage. A mansion house in Burnham, Buckinghamshire went to John and Toby (d.1641). Forty-five acres of meadow in Datchet went to Toby. Anne and Elizabeth Cage were to have two thousand marks apiece upon their marriages or when they turned twenty-one, whichever came first. There are numerous other bequests to friends and servants. Lady Martyn, widow of Sir Richard, was left £3 "to make her a ring" while Anne's maidservant, Elizabeth Scott, was to receive £6 13s. 4d. The entire will can be found at http://www.oxford-shakespeare.com. In a letter written July 18, 1634, concerning the arms to which he was entitled, John Cage referred to the presence of heralds at the funeral of his grandmother and his payment of £33 in fees.
see ALICE LONZAM
ELIZABETH HAYWARD (d. September 3, 1622)
Elizabeth Hayward was the daughter of Sir Rowland Hayward or Heyward (c.1520-1593). Some online sources say her mother was his second wife, Katherine Smythe (d.1593+), but his first wife, Joan Tillesworth, didn't die until 1580. If Elizabeth was born to the second marriage, she'd have been, at most, sixteen when she married her second husband, which is possible but seems unlikely. In addition, the inscription on her father's monument lists her as Joan's daughter. Her first husband was Richard Warren of Claybury, Essex (c.1545-March 1597), whose will was written March 23, 1596/7 and proved March 26, 1596/70. On July 21, 1597 at St. Pancras Church, Soper Lane, London, Elizabeth married Thomas Knyvett of Escrick, Yorkshire and King Street, Westminster (1545-July 27, 1622). She had no children by either marriage but was governess of James I's two youngest daughters, Mary and Sophie. Knyvett was created baron Knyvett of Escrick in 1607. Elizabeth was granted probate of his will on August 3, 1622 but died a month later. Portrait: effigy on monument at Escrick, Yorkshire.
JOAN HAYWARD (1558-March 3,1612)
Joan Hayward was the daughter of Sir Rowland Hayward or Heyward (c.1520-1593), a clothworker who was Lord Mayor of London in 1570, and Joan Tillesworth (d.1580). In February 1576 she married John Thynne (c.1551-November 21, 1604). Their children were Thomas, Dorothy, Christian, and John. From 1580 until 1604, Joan was mistress of Longleat House, one of the great mansions of Elizabethan England. After that she lived primarily at Caus Castle in Shropshire. In 1594, at sixteen, Thomas secretly married Maria Touchet at the Bell Inn in Beaconsfield. She was the daughter of Lord Audley, whose politics were opposed to those of the Thynnes and there may have been a long standing feud with her mother's family, the Mervyns. Joan and her husband attempted to annul the marriage but failed. Some speculate that this was the inspiration for Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Joan was also involved in other legal disputes and was reputed to keep muskets in her bedroom at Caus Castle. As a widow, she managed her own affairs and added a lead mine to her holdings. John Maynard, who was music tutor to Joan's children, dedicated his The XII Wonders of the World to her in 1611. Joan wrote her will a Caus Castle on February 28, 1612 and it was proved March 4, 1612. A transcript is at www.oxford-shakespeare.com. Among other bequests, she left her daughters, who were also sole executors, £500 each and the residue of her goods, chattels, plate, and ready money. She also left £100 to her waiting gentlewoman, Anne Criche. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under "Thynne [née Hayward], Joan;" Alison D. Wall, Two Elizabethan Women: correspondence of Joan and Maria Thynne. Portrait: by an unknown artist.
see KATHERINE SMYTHE
KATHERINE HAYWOOD (1548-March 26, 1614)
Katherine Haywood was the daughter of Thomas Haywood. On May 15, 1574, she married Rowland Berkeley (1546- June 1, 1611), a clothier of Worcester, by whom she had two sons, William and Robert (July 26, 1584-August 5, 1656). In 1606, Rowland Berkeley purchased Spetchley, Worcestershire. Portrait: effigy in All Saints, Spetchley.
see JOHANNA VIVIAN
see THOMASIN DERHAM
JANE HECKINGTON (1501-March 10, 1588)
Jane Heckington was the daughter of William Heckington of Bourne, Lincolnshire and Alice or Anne Walcot. Around 1518, she married Richard Cecil of Burleigh, Northamptonshire (d. May 19,1552) and was the mother of William (September 13, 1520-1598), Anne, Margaret, and Elizabeth. Jane took no part in court life, although her husband was yeoman of the wardrobe from 1530. As a widow, Jane was noted for her piety and her good works at Stamford. Late in life she became difficult and demanding, partially because she suffered from poor eyesight. She was said to be careless about her appearance. She gave her son-in-law, Robert Wingfield of Upton, Northamptonshire, £120 to buy an estate for his younger son, John (c.1560-1626), but at the time of Wingfield's death on March 31, 1580, he had not yet done so. He left instructions to return the money to her to use for John as she saw fit. It was probably used to purchase his marriage to Elizabeth Gresham, who brought the manor of Tickencote, Rutland, to the marriage. John Wingfield was the son of Jane's daughter Elizabeth. Portraits: artist unknown; effigy on monument in St. Martin’s Church, Stamford.
see ANNE LUCAS
ANNE HEIGHAM (1567-February 27, 1601)
Anne Heigham was the daughter of Sir William Heigham of Dunmow, Essex and Ann Allen. She and her brother, William, were disowned by their father for converting to Catholicism. On February 3,1583, Anne married Roger Line or Lyne of Ringwood, Hampshire (1567-1594), who had also been disinherited by his family for the same reason. In 1585, Anne’s husband and brother were arrested for their religious activities and banished from the realm in December 1586. Roger went to Douai and lived out the rest of his life in poverty. William went to Spain. Although her husband sent her part of his small pension, Anne was left destitute and had to fend for herself. She lodged for a time with the Wiseman family, then became housekeeper at a refuge in London used by priests. She took a vow of poverty and chastity. She was arrested in 1599 for harboring priests but was let go with a fine.The next time she was caught, however, on February 2,1601, she was sentenced to be hanged at Tyburn. Anne Line was the only woman in the years 1590 to 1603 to be executed in England for harboring priests and the last woman ever to be hanged in England as a felon for that crime. After her death, Anne Dacre, countess of Arundel, loaned her coach to friends bent on retrieving Anne Line's body. After a clandestine funeral the body was buried in secret. It has been suggested that Shakespeare’s poem, “The Phoenix and the Turtle” may have been written to commemorate the lives of Roger and Anne Line. In 1970, Anne Line was canonized. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under "Line [née Heigham], Anne." Portrait: statue in the church of St. Ethelreda, Holborn, London; other likenesses made after her death.
see REBECCA EDWARDS
THOMASINE HEMINGES (1595-1616+)
Thomasine Heminges was one of the fourteen children of John Heminges (November 25, 1556-October 10, 1630) and Rebecca Edwards (1571-1619). She was baptized in St. Mary Aldermanbury, London on January 15, 1595. In 1611, she married William Ostler (c.1585-December 16, 1614) and they had one son, Beaumont, who was baptized in St. Mary Aldermanbury on May 18, 1612. Heminges and Ostler were both members of the same company of players and had shares in the Globe and the Blackfriars Playhouse. Thomasine was named administrator of her husband’s estate, but it consisted of nothing but his shares in the playhouses and debts. She gave the shares to her father in trust, but when she tried to get them back, he refused and refused also to give her the income from those shares. In 1616, Thomasine brought suit against him to get the shares back. The outcome of the case is not known.
FRANCES HENDER (1584-August 1626)
Frances Hender was the daughter and co-heiress of John Hender of Botreaux Castle, Cornwall (1554-June 9, 1613; although History of Parliament says he died June 7, 1611 and his will was proved July 8, 1612) and Jane Thorne of Yardley Hastings, Northamptonshire (d.1613+). By a marriage settlement dated January 5, 1598, she married Richard Robartes (c.1584-April 19, 1634), later created 1st baron Robartes of Truro. Their children were Jane (December 21, 1598-1655), Hender (1602-1602), John (1606-1685), and Mary. She was buried on August 12, 1626. Portraits: probable subject of a portrait c.1600-1629; effigy at St. Hydroc, Lanhydrock, Cornwall.
see MARGERY PIGOTT
see ANNE COPE; ANNE POYNTZ
see CATHERINE SKIPWITH
ELIZABETH HENEAGE (c.1518-December 1,1555)
Elizabeth Heneage was the daughter of Sir Thomas Heneage of Hainton, Lincolnshire (c.1480-August 21,1553) and Catherine Skipwith or Skipworth (c.1484-c.1575). She married William Willoughby (c.1515-July 30, 1570), created Baron Willoughby of Parham in 1547. They had two children, Charles (1537-1612) and Mary (d.1570+). Portrait: memorial brass at Hainton, Lincolnshire.
ELIZABETH HENEAGE (July 9, 1556-1633/4)
Elizabeth Heneage was the daughter of Sir Thomas Heneage (d. October 17, 1595) and Anne Poyntz (d. November 19, 1593). She married Sir Moyle Finch of Eastwell, Kent (d. December 14, 1614) in 1572. At her father’s death, she made a settlement on her stepmother, Mary Browne, dowager countess of Southampton, in return for the countess’s agreement to pay all of Heneage’s debts. Elizabeth was at the courts of Elizabeth I and James I as Lady Finch and was in the queen’s funeral procession in 1603. Finch’s death left her the richest widow in England. She was sole executrix of his will. In 1623, she was created viscountess Maidstone, supposedly in remembrance of the good services of her father. In fact, she transferred the family seat, Copt Hall, Essex, to the Lord Treasurer, Sir Lionel Cranfield, to secure the honor. In 1628, she was created countess of Winchelsea. Her children were Sir Heneage (d.1631), Thomas, earl of Winchelsea (c.1575-November 4,1634), Anne (d.1638), and Katherine (d.1639). Portraits: the lifelike effigy created during her lifetime at Eastwell, Kent is now in the Victoria & Albert Museum; two portraits by unknown artists; portrait shown, c.1600, by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger
see JANE BRUSSELLS
see MARY BROWNE
ANNE HERBERT (1545-1593)
Anne Herbert was the daughter of William Herbert, 1st earl of Pembroke (c.1506-March 17, 1570) and Anne Parr (c.1515-1552). In 1562/3, she married Francis, Lord Talbot (1550-1582), the earl of Shrewsbury's heir. Her brother Henry (1540-1601) married Francis's sister Catherine (d.1575) on February 17, 1562/3. From 1568 on, Anne's stepmother-in-law was the redoubtable Bess of Hardwick, who married two of her children by her first husband, William Cavendish, to two more Talbot children, Gilbert and Grace. The family dynamics must have been interesting. In her father's will, Anne was left £500. In late August 1582, Lord Francis contracted the plague and died of it at Belvoir Castle, where he had gone to visit his uncle, the earl of Rutland. At some time shortly afterward, according to Charlotte Merton's The Women who served Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, Lady Talbot was resident at court when she heard that her brother, the 2nd earl of Pembroke, had written to their mutual father-in-law to demand that Anne's widow's jointure be paid directly to him. He wanted to use the money to invest in one of Sir Walter Raleigh's overseas ventures. Anne was furious. She had been under the impression that the money was to be used for repairs on some houses in which she had an interest. Although some genealogies give the date of Anne's death as 1582, the same year her husband died, she lived another eleven years. Anne and Francis had no children and the earldom passed to his brother, Gilbert Talbot. Portrait: part of a stained glass window showing her parents and their three children.
see ANNE PARR: ANNE TALBOT
see BLANCHE MILBORNE
see CATHERINE TALBOT
ELEANOR HERBERT (1578-1595+)
Eleanor Herbert was the daughter of Henry Herbert of Troye (c.1528-1596) and Lucy Somerset (c.1554-January 18, 1603/4). She married William Rawlings. Portrait: 1595, identified elsewhere as Eleanor Percy (1582/3-1650).
see ELEANOR PERCY
see JANE ORWELL
KATHERINE HERBERT (c.1464-c.1504)
Katherine Herbert was the youngest daughter of William Herbert, 1st earl of Pembroke (c.1423-July 27, 1469) and Anne Devereux (d.1486). She was born at Raglan Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales, where she spent her earliest years in the same household as Henry Tudor and was later said to have been well regarded by him, although he was much closer in age to her older sister Maud. In 1485, Henry considered her as a prospective bride after rumors reached him in exile that Richard III might marry Elizabeth of York, Henry's first choice. He went so far as to write to Maud, by then countess of Northumberland, concerning the match, but his letter never reached her and on July 31, 1485, Henry set sail for England and subsequently defeated Richard and married Elizabeth. At some point after October 1, 1490, Katherine married George Grey (before 1454-December 25, 1503), who had succeeded his father as earl of Kent in May of that year. She was his second wife and the mother of all but one of his children. They included Anne (1493-March 1545), Henry, 4th earl (1494-September 24, 1562), Anthony, and George (d. March 6, 1564) and possibly Edmond and Elizabeth. Katherine survived her husband and at that time had custody of his ward, Elizabeth Trussell (1496-c.1527). He had purchased her wardship in 1501 with the idea of marrying her to their son Henry. The new earl of Kent, Katherine's stepson Richard, took the girl by force from Katherine's household at Harrold in Bedfordshire. For this illegal act, he was fined 2,500 marks by the Crown. The girl was probably returned to Katherine. Katherine died before May 8, 1504. On May 28, 1505, Richard surrendered Elizabeth's wardship to the Crown.
see KATHERINE PLANTAGENET
see MAGDALEN NEWPORT
see MARY SIDNEY; MARY STANLEY; MARY TALBOT
see SUSAN de VERE
see CECILY MORE
MARY HERRICK (c.1587- 1592+)
I have no information on Mary Herrick except her name. Portrait: at age five by an unknown artist, 1592 (Leicester Arts and Museums Service, Newarke House).
see JANE HARRIS
see also HARVEY
see BRIDGET WILTSHIRE
ELIZABETH HERVEY (1448-1524)
Elizabeth Hervey was the daughter of John Hervey of Thurleigh, Bedfordshire (d. c.1475) and Joan Niernuyt or Neyrnuit. She became a nun at Elstow in Bedfordshire in 1463 and was abbess there from November 5, 1501 until her death in 1524. What makes Elizabeth Hervey memorable is a brass showing her in her abbess’s robes with her crosier. This is one of only two such brasses in England. Portrait: brass in the Church of St. Mary and St. Helena, Elstow.
ELIZABETH HERVEY OR HARVEY (d.1542+)
Elizabeth Hervey, known as Bess, is my candidate for the "very handsome young lady of the court" in whom Henry VIII took an interest in during Anne Boleyn’s 1534 pregnancy. This woman's name has not survived, only that Anne attempted to dismiss her and failed to do so and that she was a friend to Princess Mary. In October 1534, Lady Rochford was dismissed from court instead, for conspiring against this mystery woman. David Starkey’s Six Wives recounts that Bess Hervey was in service to Anne Boleyn and on “friendly terms” with Sir Francis Bryan. She was sent away from court in 1536, although she claimed she did not know why. If she was the "handsome young lady," she had lost the king's interest by then. According to Carolly Erickson in Bloody Mary, an Elizabeth Harvey was one of Catherine of Aragon's women in 1536. After Catherine died she asked to be placed in Mary's service and was refused. In 1539, however, she was part of a group of court ladies who visited Portsmouth to tour the king's ships, at Henry VIII's special invitation. She was also among the ladies in Anne of Cleves’s household, as “Elsabeth Harvy.” She was not appointed to Catherine Howard’s household, but during Catherine's tenure as queen, Catherine gave Bess the gift of a gown. Starkey suggests Bess was Thomas Culpepper’s paramour. In March 1541, Bess was granted an annuity of £10/year. I am hoping to find out more about this intriguing person.
ISABEL HERVEY or HARVEY (d. May 8, 1594)
Isabel Hervey was the daughter of Edmund Hervey or Harvey of Elstow, Bedfordshire and Margaret Wentworth (c.1492-1511). Her father was a wealthy London merchant with a house in Cheapside. According to the legend, Isabel and her father were visiting friends in the village of Kensington when the earl of Sussex and his retinue rode past. In her eagerness to see the cavalcade, Isabel leaned too far out a window and dropped her glove. Sir Humphrey Radcliffe (c.1509-August 13,1566), third son of the earl, dipped his lance, impaled the glove, and returned it to its owner. Struck by her beauty, he left his father’s company and offered his services to Hervey to escort him and his daughter back to London. Humphrey represented himself as one of the earl’s men, but did not tell them he was Sussex’s son until, some versions of the tale insist, he and Isabel had been married for some time. They settled first in Surrey, where Hervey was keeper of the Carew estate at Beddington following the arrest and execution of Sir Nicholas Carew. In July 1533, Radcliffe received Elstow from Hervey and the couple moved there. They also lived at Edgworth, Lancashire. They were the parents of four daughters and two sons, including Thomas, (d.1586), Mary (d.1616/17), a maid of honor to Queen Elizabeth, Edward (1552-1643), Martha, and Frances (b.1545). Calling her Elizabeth rather than Isabel, Alec Ryric in The Sorcerer’s Tale identifies her as a wealthy client of Dr. Gregory Wilson, physician and con man. In 1543, Wisdom stayed for a month or more in her house in Bedfordshire, actually the estate of Edmund Hervey. Isabel’s husband was not with her. In 1558, when Elizabeth Tudor became queen, she granted the manor of Houghton Grange in Bedfordshire to Isabel and her second son, Edward. Portrait: the Hans Holbein the Younger drawing at Windsor inscribed “The Lady Ratclif” may be Isabel Hervey, although neither the date of her marriage nor the date of the drawing are known. Other likely candidates (Elizabeth Howard, Lady Fitzwalter; Margaret Stanley, countess of Sussex; Mary Arundell, countess of Sussex) would not have been called Lady Radcliffe.
see MARY BROWNE
see ALICE HOLCROFT
see BLANCHE TWYFORDE
see ELIZABETH FLEMING
see GRACE TOWNELEY (2)
see JENNET PARKINSON
MARGARETE HETZEL or PREU (c.1511-1576)
According to a story invented by the author of Bishop Cranmer’s Recantacyons (1556), the wife of Thomas Cranmer (July 2,1489-x.March 21,1556), was smuggled into England in a crate. Cranmer, later Archbishop Cranmer, met Margarete in the summer of 1531, when he was in Nuremberg, Germany as Henry VIII’s ambassador to the Emperor. He was visiting a German reformer, Andreas Osiander (1498-1552), Margarete’s uncle. Since Osiander's name is also given as Hosmer, Hosemann, and Heiligmann, Margarete's name was long thought to be Hosmer. Her parents' names seem to be lost to history, but she was the niece of Osiander's wife, Katharina Preu, so her surname was either Preu or Hetzel. Margarete married Cranmer in 1532 as his second wife. His first, Joan, married sometime between 1515 and 1519, had died in childbirth along with their child. In August of 1532, when Archbishop Warham died, Cranmer was appointed to replace him. Unfortunately, wives were not at that time permitted for priests, let alone archbishops, so Cranmer hid his marriage. He was consecrated on March 30, 1533. After her arrival in England, by crate or otherwise, Margarete had at least four children by Cranmer, as Margaret (c.1536-1568) was her third daughter. She also had a son, Thomas (c.1538-1598). Around 1540, Cranmer sent Margarete back to Germany to avoid prosecution, but she was able to return c. 1544. She seems to have left England after her husband's execution and there married publisher and preacher Edward Whitechurch (d.1562). By 1561, they were living in Chamberwell, near Lambeth. After his death, she took possession of the abbey of Kirkstall near Leeds. On November 29, 1564, she married Bartholomew Scott of Chamberwell (d.1600), J.P. for Surrey, but soon realized that he had only married her for her money. She left him, taking refuge with old friends Reyner Wolfe and his wife in London, and lawsuits ensued. Biography: Oxford DNB entry under "Cranmer, Margaret."
ABIGAIL HEVENINGHAM (c.1551-1611+)
Abigail Heveningham was the daughter of Sir Anthony Heveningham of Ketteringham, Norfolk (c.1507-November 22, 1557) and Mary Shelton (1512?-January 1571). Abigail was at court, probably as a maid of the Privy Chamber by March 7, 1567/8, when she received a length of orange and blue striped velvet as a gift. In a letter of May 14, 1571, George Delves reports to Edward, earl of Rutland that Abigail had "tasted the quintessence out of the long-necked bottle." According to Charlotte Merton, in The Women who served Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth, the queen was duly informed of Abigail's misbehavior. Instead of dismissing her, Elizabeth made her a gentlewoman of the Privy Chamber instead of a maid. She was replaced in her old post by Elizabeth Fitzgerald, niece of Lady Clinton. In 1578, Abigail married George Digby of Coleshill, Warwickshire (1550-April 1587), who was knighted in 1586, but she continued to serve in the Privy Chamber. Digby's will, made April 1586 and proved May 11, 1587, divided his property between his widow and his eldest son. In 1588, the earl of Leicester tried to obtain provision for Abigail. At least one letter Abigail wrote to her brother, Sir Arthur (d. October 8, 1630), on February 7, 1588/9, is still extant, and she is known to have tried to further his campaign to be re-appointed sheriff of Norfolk in 1600. He had an abrasive personality that interfered with his political ambitions. In her widowhood, Abigail was granted a twenty-one year lease on Coleshill Rectory on December 8, 1587. Another document, dated May 27, 1592 and concerning the wardship of her minor son, Robert (1574-May 24, 1618), indicates that she had married and been widowed a second time between 1587 and 1592. This second husband was Edward Cordell (d. December 9, 1590), a clerk of the queen’s high court of Chancery. This marriage made him wealthy. He made his will December 7, 1590 and it was proved January 20, 1591. Abigail was sole executor and inherited a house in Fleet Street and land in several counties. She erected his monument in St. Dunstan-in-the-West. According to the Oxford DNB entry for John Digby (1580-1653), he was the fourth and youngest son of Sir George Digby. The History of Parliament gives Abigail three sons, including the eldest, Robert, and one daughter, Abigail (d. February 6, 1630/1). Lady Digby was still alive on November 9, 1611, when she received an acknowledgement of the payment of £43 6s. 8d., owed to Thomas, earl of Suffolk.
see ANNE YARDE or YERDE
see BRIDGET PASTON
DOROTHY HEVENINGHAM (d. July 1635)
Dorothy Heveningham was the daughter of Christopher Heveningham of Aston, Staffordshire (1540-1574) and Dorothy Stanley (d.1587), a Catholic recusant. Some genealogies make her the daughter of Mary Shelton and Anthony Heveningham and still others give Dorothy Heveningham Vernon a date of death of January 3, 1617. The will Dorothy wrote on July 11, 1635 (proved February 2, 1636; transcript at http://www.oxford-shakespeare.com/) makes it clear that she married twice. Her first husband, wed in 1590, was Henry Vernon of Hilton and Essington, Staffordshire (d. June 21, 1592). They had one child, Margaret (September 1592-January 3,1656). On September 2, 1593, Dorothy became the second wife of Sir Henry Townshend of Cound and Ludlow, Shropshire (1537?-December 8, 1621), Justice of Chester, as his second wife. The wardship of her daughter was granted to her second husband. Together they had one son, Henry (1601-1663). Some genealogies also give them a daughter named Elizabeth, but she appears to have been the child of his first wife, Susan Hayward (d. May 1592). Dorothy, during her second marriage and as a widow, involved herself in several memorable incidents. According to Charles J. Cox, ed, "The Rhymed Chronicle of John Harestaffe" (Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 1888, pp.71-147), Dorothy was the villain in a plot against her brother-in-law, John Vernon, and his wife, Mary (née Littleton) that went on for a number of years c.1601. This rhymed account, written c.1615 and revised c.1645, is supported by a lawsuit filed against John Vernon (d. July 8, 1600) by Henry Townshend, Dorothy Townshend, and others. The dispute centered on ownership of lands known as The Farm of Haselbache (Hazelbadge),in the Peak District of Derbyshire. In August 1610, after a visit to Sir John Wynn of Gwydir, Lady Townshend and other gentlewomen were reported to be so sweaty "from Sir John's good cheer and their ill-throwing at dice, that they must needs wash and purify themselves in the Holywell." In June 1614, Dorothy and others were fined £3000 for forging the will of Sir Randall Brereton. Sir Henry refused to pay the fine but the Star Chamber held him responsible for the actions of his wife. Interestingly, according to the Harestaffe poem, £3000 was also the amount offered to Mary Vernon, together with use of the land for life, if she would settle the dispute over Haselbache. She refused to accept, since doing so would defraud the other defendants in the lawsuit. On July 11, 1635, Dorothy made her will while living at Elmley Lovett, Worcestershire. After itemizing everything from her "carnation satin petticoat embroidered" to her "great leaden cistern and my brewing furnace and all wooden vessels belonging thereunto" that was to go to her daughter Margaret, she inserts conditions. These bequests would all be null and void if Margaret and her husband, Sir Edward Vernon brought suit against Dorothy's son, Henry Townshend, or her brother, Sir Walter Heveningham, after her death, or if they did not pay Henry the £140 they owned him within six months after her death.
see JOANNA LOWDHAM
see MARY SHELTON
ANNE HEWETT (1543/4-1585)
Anne Hewett was the daughter of William Hewett (1514-January 21,1566/7), Lord Mayor of London in 1559, and Alice Leveson (1523-April 8,1561). She was their only surviving child and heir to Hewett’s country house at Highgate and estates and manors in Barking, Essex, Wales and Harthill, Yorkshire, Derbyshire, and Nottinghamshire. According to the legend, a young man named Edward Osborne (c.1530-February 4,1592) was apprenticed to Hewett when Anne was just a baby and when her nurse carelessly let her fall out of a window overlooking the Thames, Osborne dived in and saved her. Paintings depicting this rescue hang in both the Clothworker’s Hall and at Hornby Castle, and the story first broke into print in 1720, but there are those who say that Osborne was never apprenticed to Hewett and that Hewett’s house, far from being on London Bridge, was located in Philpot Lane. Whatever the truth, although Anne was at one time courted by George Talbot, 6th earl of Shrewsbury, in 1562 she married Edward Osborne, who became Lord Mayor of London in 1583. Their children were Alice (1563-1626), Hewett (1566-1614), Anne (1570-1653), Edward (November 1572-1625), and Jane (November 1578-1601+). Lady Osborne was buried in St. Martin Orgar on July 14, 1585.
see ELIZABETH HAMPSON
see DIONIS STONEHOUSE
see AGNES CRANE
see ANNE BOLEYN; ANNE DRURY; ANNE WOODHOUSE
MARIA HEYMAN (d. 1556+)
Maria Heyman was the daughter of Peter Heyman (Hayman/Haymond) of Somerfield House, Sellinge, Kent (c.1502-August 1550), who was steward to Thomas Cranmer and a gentleman of the bedchamber to King Edward VI. One source says her mother was Mary Hawte, the sister of Jane Hawte, Lady Wyatt, but the History of Parliament entry for her father identifies his two wives as Elizabeth Till, mother of six daughters and two sons, and Mary Tyrrell, mother of three daughters. This entry also gives Heyman's date of death as 1553/4, citing his will, made on May 20, 1553 and proved October 12, 1554. As Heyman did not remarry until c.1547, Maria must have been the daughter of Elizabeth Till or Tille. Maria made a controversial marriage in July 1551 to John Ponet, Bishop of Winchester (c.1514-August 1556), not only because the concept of married clergy was still an anathema to many but also because until earlier that same year Ponet had been “married” to another woman. They had both been charged with bigamy when it had come to light that she already had a husband, a Nottingham butcher. Ponet had obtained a formal separation from her in July 1551 but part of the settlement was that he had to make an annual payment to the butcher. Thomas Cranmer, however, attended Maria’s wedding, giving additional respectability to the occasion. When Mary Tudor became queen, Ponet and Maria left England and settled in Strassburg, where Ponet died. Maria probably remarried while still in exile, taking as her second husband a man named John Hill.
ELIZABETH HEYWOOD (c.1543-1632)
Elizabeth Heywood was the daughter of John Heywood of North Mimms, Hertfordshire, Hinxhill, Kent and London (1496/7-1578) and Joan Rastell (c.1500-1574). She the younger of two sisters with the same name. The elder Elizabeth Heywood married a man named Marven. In March or April 1563, Elizabeth married John Donne of London (c.1535-1576), an ironmonger. After her parents left England in 1564 as Catholic exiles, Donne acted as their agent, collecting rents and forwarding the money. Their children, all born in Bread Street, were Elizabeth (d.1577), Anne (1565/6-c.1616), John (1572-March 31,1631), Henry (1574-1593), Mary (d. November 1581), and Katherine (d. November 1581). Elizabeth was pregnant with her seventh child when her husband died. He wrote his will on January 16, 1576 and it was proved on February 8, 1576. He was buried in St. Nicholas Olave. Donne's estate was valued at between £3500 and £4000. Elizabeth remarried in June of that same year, taking as her second husband Dr. John Symynges or Syminges of Oxford (by 1526-July 1588), court physician. He was a wealthy widower with three children. According to Dennis Flynn in John Donne and the Ancient Catholic Nobility, Elizabeth and her second husband were estranged from the beginning of 1583, but David Colclough (John Donne's Professional Lives) does not mention this. He reports that they lived in the parish of Trinity the Less until the autumn of 1583, when they moved to Bartholomew Close in the parish of Bartholomew the Less. Anne Donne was married there in late 1585 to Avery Copley of Batley, Yorkshire (1555-January 1590/1), a barrister. Symynges died intestate and Elizabeth administered the estate. She moved to St. Saviour's parish, Southwark, where she was fined for recusancy on September 28, 1589. In late 1590, Elizabeth married Richard Rainsford of Southwark. By then, her daughter Anne was a widow. Avery Copley had spent her dowry of £500, as well as £600 he had borrowed from Elizabeth, and Anne and her child had been forced to move in with Elizabeth. Copley's father and brother then sued Anne and Elizabeth, which cost Elizabeth at least another £1000, and another lawsuit deprived her of £400 that had been placed in trust for her by Symynges before his death. In May 1593, Elizabeth's youngest son, Henry, was arrested for harboring a priest, William Harrington. Under threat of torture, he gave evidence against Harrington, who was subsequently executed on February 8, 1594. Henry, however, did not live long enough to go to trial. He was imprisoned first in the Clink and then transferred to Newgate, where the plague was raging. He died within a few days of his incarceration. On September 10, 1595, Elizabeth and her third husband left England for Antwerp. Left behind were her son John, the poet, and her daughter Anne, who was by then married William Lyly, a diplomat. In 1598, £2000 that should have come to Elizabeth from her second marriage was forfeited to the Crown because she had left the country without permission. In 1606, when Elizabeth and Richard returned from exile, King James returned this £2000 through a royal grant. In February 1611/12 and again in August 1613, Richard Rainsford was imprisoned in Newgate for refusing to sign the Oath of Allegiance. His date of death is unknown but Elizabeth survived her famous son by a year. She was buried in the parish church in Barking.
see JOAN RASTELL
KATHERINE HEYWOOD (d. 1571+) (maiden name unknown)
Katherine Heywood was the wife of Richard Heywood (d. May 2, 1570), a King’s Bench official. They married around 1539 and had four sons and one daughter. Heywood was wealthy and part of a Catholic circle. By March 1571, when she and her second husband were involved in litigation, she had married William Parry of Flintshire (x. March 2, 1584/5) as his second wife. Katherine brought lands in Lincolnshire and Kent worth £80 a year to the marriage. In early 1577, Parry had left England for Rome and Siena. He eventually became a spy for Lord Burghley and ended up executed for treason. John Somers, writing after Parry was arrested in 1584, remembered Katherine as "old Mrs. Haywood, my neighbor in Fleet Street," and said Parry "made as much as he could" of her and abused her daughter. Exactly what happened to Katherine, or to her daughter, is not clear.
text ©2008-16 Kathy Lynn Emerson (all rights reserved)